Complex Envelope Control of Pulsed Accelerating Field in Superconducting Cavities

Tomasz Czarski

Abstract

A digital control system for superconducting cavities of a linear accelerator is presented in this work. FPGA (Field Programmable Gate Arrays) based controller, managed by MATLAB, was developed to investigate a novel firmware implementation. The LLRF - Low Level Radio Frequency system for FLASH accelerator at DESY is introduced. Essential modeling of a cavity with signal and power analysis is considered as a key approach to the control methods. An electrical model is represented by the non-stationary state space equation for the complex envelope of the cavity voltage driven by the current generator and the beam. The electromechanical model of the superconducting cavity, including the Lorentz force detuning, has been developed for the simulation purpose. The digital signal processing is proposed for the field vector detection. The field vector sum control is considered for multiple cavities driven by one klystron. An algebraic, complex domain model is proposed for the system analysis. The calibration procedure of a signal path is considered for a multi-channel control. Identification of the system parameters is carried out by the least squares method application. The FPGA based controller executes a procedure according to the following prearranged control tables: Feed-Forward, Set-Point and Gain. The control tables are determined for the required cavity performance, according to the recognized process. Nonlinearities and deterministic disturbances are compensated by the feed-forward table for the open loop operation. The closed loop correction for the feed-back mode is performed by the complex gain of the corrector table. The adaptive control algorithm is applied for the feedforward and feedback modes according to the recognized process. The presented method is useful for the repetitive, deterministic condition. It has been verified experimentally in the case of a pulsed mode of an accelerator operation. The experimental results, based on the field measurement, are presented for a cavity representative operation.
Diploma typeDoctor of Philosophy
Author Tomasz Czarski (FEIT / PE)
Tomasz Czarski,,
- The Institute of Electronic Systems
Title in EnglishComplex Envelope Control of Pulsed Accelerating Field in Superconducting Cavities
Languageen angielski
Certifying UnitFaculty of Electronics and Information Technology (FEIT)
Disciplineelectronics / (technology domain) / (technological sciences)
Start date14-12-2004
Defense Date20-04-2010
End date27-04-2010
Supervisor Ryszard Romaniuk (FEIT / PE)
Ryszard Romaniuk,,
- The Institute of Electronic Systems

Internal reviewers Andrzej Pacut (FEIT / AK)
Andrzej Pacut,,
- The Institute of Control and Computation Engineering
External reviewers Jacek Sekutowicz
Jacek Sekutowicz,,
-
Honoredyes
Pages157
Keywords in English-
Abstract in EnglishA digital control system for superconducting cavities of a linear accelerator is presented in this work. FPGA (Field Programmable Gate Arrays) based controller, managed by MATLAB, was developed to investigate a novel firmware implementation. The LLRF - Low Level Radio Frequency system for FLASH accelerator at DESY is introduced. Essential modeling of a cavity with signal and power analysis is considered as a key approach to the control methods. An electrical model is represented by the non-stationary state space equation for the complex envelope of the cavity voltage driven by the current generator and the beam. The electromechanical model of the superconducting cavity, including the Lorentz force detuning, has been developed for the simulation purpose. The digital signal processing is proposed for the field vector detection. The field vector sum control is considered for multiple cavities driven by one klystron. An algebraic, complex domain model is proposed for the system analysis. The calibration procedure of a signal path is considered for a multi-channel control. Identification of the system parameters is carried out by the least squares method application. The FPGA based controller executes a procedure according to the following prearranged control tables: Feed-Forward, Set-Point and Gain. The control tables are determined for the required cavity performance, according to the recognized process. Nonlinearities and deterministic disturbances are compensated by the feed-forward table for the open loop operation. The closed loop correction for the feed-back mode is performed by the complex gain of the corrector table. The adaptive control algorithm is applied for the feedforward and feedback modes according to the recognized process. The presented method is useful for the repetitive, deterministic condition. It has been verified experimentally in the case of a pulsed mode of an accelerator operation. The experimental results, based on the field measurement, are presented for a cavity representative operation.
PKT classification420000
KBN classification32
EU classification8030
Thesis file
doktorat Czarski.pdf 1.94 MB

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