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Synthetic Nano- and Microfibers

Editors:

  • Martijn Wagterveld,
  • Jan C.M. Marijnissen,
  • Leon Gradoń,
  • Arkadiusz Moskal

Abstract

Global production of fibrous material is significantly growing reaching an expected 145 million metric tons in 2030. Fiber production includes mostly synthetic polymers, cotton and man-made cellulose (viscose). The main uses are in clothing, household and furnishing, industrial construction, automotive and other. Increasing consumption of fabric material causes the accumulation of single fibers into the natural environment. Significant numbers are discharged via wastewater from washing clothes, deposition from atmosphere or by other ways of transport. Fibers are now the most prevalent type of anthropogenic particles found by microplastic pollution surveys around the world. Substantial fiber concentrations are found in surface water, deep-sea and fresh water ecosystems. Consequently, fibers are present in food, drinking water, human lungs and digestive tracts of aquatic animals. Currently, there is great concern for the release of plastic nano- and micro fibers and microparticles (microplastics) to the natural environment for which nobody knows, so far, the ultimate consequences for health and ecological homeostasis. The potential risk introduced by the presence of fibers in the environment induces significant interest.These challenges were the source of inspiration for organizing our workshop . A group of scientists from different parts of the world met on Nov 4/5 2019 at Wetsus, European Centre of Excellence for Sustainable Water Technology in Leeuwarden, The Netherlands, to discuss all known aspects of synthetic nano- and microfibers. This included morphology, physicochemical properties, production and origin of nano/micro fibers entering the atmosphere, water and food chain; the potential consequences of inhalation and ingestion for human health; exposure and ingress via life cycle for aquatic biota; analytical and measurement methods; techniques to clean air and water, and protection means against inhalation or other ways to enter the human body.

Metrics

Record ID
WUT2988bc8957794137ac6a39126986ca2d
Book type
Monograph
Editor
Publisher name (outside publisher list)
Wetsus, European Centre of Excellence for Susutainable Water Technology
Pages
252
Publication size in sheets
12.60
ISBN
978-1-71663-242-6
Issue year
2020
Keywords in English
Nanofibers, Microfibers, Synthetic, Fibers, Particles, Risk, Hazard, Deposition, Water, Air, Airways, Tissue, Human uptake, Environment, Aerosol, Analytical methods, Aquatic environment, Toxicology, Waste water treatment, Plastic soup
DOI
Go to the document by digital ID DOI:10.20850/9781716632426 Opening in a new tab
URL
https://zenodo.org/record/4018853#.X1iFWHkzZPY Opening in a new tab
Language
(en) English
File
Request a WCAG compliant version
Score (nominal)
5
Score source
publisherList
book.scoring
Ministerial score = 5.0, 23-07-2021, MonograhOrBookMainLanguagesEditor

Cite


Uniform Resource Identifier
https://repo.pw.edu.pl/info/book/WUT2988bc8957794137ac6a39126986ca2d/
URN
urn:pw-repo:WUT2988bc8957794137ac6a39126986ca2d

* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or PerishOpening in a new tab system.


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