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## Analysis and assessment of barriers to innovation in the SME sector on the example of service enterprise

### Martyna Agnieszka Mażewska

#### Abstract

Poland, in the face of existing conditions of the globalised economy, goods and services market in which competition crosses borders of countries and regions, is facing a serious economic challenge of a global nature. A significant role in pulling the economy out of recession and the search for new sources of economic growth comes from companies developing dynamically through the introduction of innovations, which are the source of growth and competitiveness. Poland is among the countries with a low share of innovative activity among companies in general, and the percentage of innovation active enterprises is in the range of <20.7; 32,25>. Small and medium enterprises comprise 99.8% of all active enterprises in Poland and, therefore, all this work is dedicated to them. Although Polish companies from the SME sector have the potential to present their innovative activities at a higher level than before; the level of innovation is still below the average for all European Union countries. The reason for described above situation are all kinds of barriers, which prevent entrepreneurs to use new opportunities for development. Many small and medium-sized companies in Poland, despite the favourable conditions and possibilities, decide not to invest in innovation. Among others, this result from the fact that companies of the SME sector operate on a smaller scale and do not have such large financial resources as large units. They are therefore more vulnerable to the negative impact on the encountered market barriers and existing emergency situations. It is quite important and worth more complete research on the problem, and that is why the general objective of this study is to identify the barriers to innovation of small and medium-sized enterprises. The specific objectives are: identification of possible causes of individual barriers and to show the influence that they exert on the level of development of the company and its innovation. The first two chapters have been entirely devoted to the analysis of the available literature and research related to the issue of innovation and the SME sector. There were also described selected institutions and instruments to support innovative activities of Polish enterprises. The third chapter and the fourth one are a comparative analysis of the surveyed companies and the survey results. The survey was carried out on the basis of the analysis of the literature, relating to the issues of innovation enterprises, public and acquired materials, and own research such as: survey conducted with owners of service microenterprises and participant observation. The scope of the study included two microenterprises leading service activities on Polish territory. Given answers, of course, are not sufficient to create a reliable picture of micro-enterprises in Poland, but allow us to conclude that the smallest companies in Poland are not always focused solely on profit. Also among them are those entrepreneurs, who run the company for another purpose, for which the activity is more than a job. It is important to emphasise the specificity of microenterprises, in comparison to other companies. As they are sufficiently small entities, their personal beliefs, ideas and concerns of the owners comprise about the whole character of company, translating to its culture and results. The most important conclusion of the study, however, is not that only financial factors constitute a barrier to the introduction of innovations in micro-enterprises. Of the two, only one of the surveyed companies identified financial barriers as the biggest obstacle in implementing innovation. One answerer suggests that his business consumes a lot of time and energy, and therefore, he does not have enough time to carry out activities, other than the current one. Very nagging is the lack of support from the state, but also from other entities or potential partners. Micro-enterprises also feel uninformed and expect more help from state.
Diploma type
Engineer's / Bachelor of Science
Diploma type
Bachelor thesis
Author
Martyna Agnieszka Mażewska (FoM) Martyna Agnieszka Mażewska,, Faculty of Management (FoM)
Title in Polish
Analiza i ocena barier innowacyjności sektora MSP na przykładzie przedsiębiorstwa usługowego
Supervisor
Edyta Malicka (FoM/SMD) Edyta Malicka,, The Department of Strategic Management (FoM/SMD)Faculty of Management (FoM)
Certifying unit
Faculty of Management (FoM)
Affiliation unit
The Department of Strategic Management (FoM/SMD)
Study subject / specialization
, Zarządzanie
Language
(pl) Polish
Status
Finished
Defense Date
14-09-2016
Issue date (year)
2016
Reviewers
Edyta Malicka (FoM/SMD) Edyta Malicka,, The Department of Strategic Management (FoM/SMD)Faculty of Management (FoM) Jarosław Domański (FoM/SMD) Jarosław Domański,, The Department of Strategic Management (FoM/SMD)Faculty of Management (FoM)
Keywords in Polish
innowacyjność, bariery innowacyjności, sektor MSP
Keywords in English
innovation, barriers to innovation, SME sector
Abstract in Polish
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Identyfikator pracy APD: 13920

Uniform Resource Identifier
urn:pw-repo:WUT9e22048a89e64864ad2a1de3c5622acf