Numerical simulation and experimental verification of heat transfer from a finned housing of an electric motor

Mirosław Grabowski , Krzysztof Urbaniec , Jacek Wernik , Krzysztof J. Wołosz


Engineering analyses based on the results of numerical simulation enable shortening the duration and reducing the costs of the development and tests of equipment models or prototypes. As numerical modeling methods have uncertainties, experimental verification is required. In the literature, there are many examples of application of numerical modelling to the thermal processes occurring in electric motors but the experimental methods of model validation are not so well described. In this work, numerical and experimental investigations of heat conduction in the finned housing of an electric motor, and the comparison between their results are presented. 3D geometrical model of the motor rated 7.5 kW was imported to COMSOL Multiphysics software package. After defining thermophysical properties of the housing material and heat flows generated in the motor, and setting boundary conditions, a numerical model of heat conduction in the motor housing was obtained. The model allowed to calculate steady-state temperature distribution in the housing cross section. In order to validate the model, investigations of the temperature distribution were carried out using FLIR SC7600 thermovision camera. Steady-state temperature distribution on the surface of housing of the motor run in idling conditions was recorded by thermography. The obtained thermograms were found to be in satisfactory quantitative agreement with the simulated temperature distribution as the real values of temperature differences measured across the housing cross section deviated not more than 10% from the calculated ones. The research confirmed that a thermovision camera is an efficient experimental tool for the validation of numerical models of the heat transfer phenomena in the finned housing of an electric motor.
Author Mirosław Grabowski (FCEMP / IMEn)
Mirosław Grabowski,,
- Institute of Mechanical Engineering
, Krzysztof Urbaniec (FCEMP / IMEn)
Krzysztof Urbaniec,,
- Institute of Mechanical Engineering
, Jacek Wernik (FCEMP / IMEn)
Jacek Wernik,,
- Institute of Mechanical Engineering
, Krzysztof J. Wołosz (FCEMP / IMEn)
Krzysztof J. Wołosz,,
- Institute of Mechanical Engineering
Journal seriesEnergy Conversion and Management, ISSN 0196-8904
Issue year2016
Publication size in sheets0.6
Keywords in EnglishNumerical simulation; Heat conduction; Finned housing; Electric motor; Thermography
ASJC Classification2102 Energy Engineering and Power Technology; 2103 Fuel Technology; 2104 Nuclear Energy and Engineering; 2105 Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
Languageen angielski
Score (nominal)45
Score sourcejournalList
ScoreMinisterial score = 45.0, 03-06-2020, ArticleFromJournal
Ministerial score (2013-2016) = 45.0, 03-06-2020, ArticleFromJournal
Publication indicators WoS Citations = 12; Scopus Citations = 14; GS Citations = 15.0; Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2016 = 2.095; WoS Impact Factor: 2016 = 5.589 (2) - 2016=5.472 (5)
Citation count*15 (2020-08-20)
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* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.
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