Multiparametric methane sensor for environmental monitoring
Michał Borecki , M. Duk , A. Kociubiński , Michael L. Korwin-Pawlowski
AbstractToday, methane sensors find applications mostly in safety alarm installations, gas parameters detection and air pollution classification. Such sensors and sensors elements exists for industry and home use. Under development area of methane sensors application is dedicated to ground gases monitoring. Proper monitoring of soil gases requires reliable and maintenance-free semi-constant and longtime examination at relatively low cost of equipment. The sensors for soil monitoring have to work on soil probe. Therefore, sensor is exposed to environment conditions, as a wide range of temperatures and a full scale of humidity changes, as well as rain, snow and wind, that are not specified for classical methane sensors. Development of such sensor is presented in this paper. The presented sensor construction consists of five commercial non dispersive infra-red (NDIR) methane sensing units, a set of temperature and humidity sensing units, a gas chamber equipped with a micro-fan, automated gas valves and also a microcontroller that controls the measuring procedure. The electronics part of sensor was installed into customized 3D printed housing equipped with self-developed gas valves. The main development of proposed sensor is on the side of experimental evaluation of construction reliability and results of data processing included safety procedures and function for hardware error correction. Redundant methane sensor units are used providing measurement error correction as well as improved measurement accuracy. The humidity and temperature sensors are used for internal compensation of methane measurements as well as for cutting-off the sensor from the environment when the conditions exceed allowable parameters. Results obtained during environment sensing prove that the gas concentration readings are not sensitive to gas chamber vertical or horizontal position. It is important as vertical sensor installation on soil probe is simpler that horizontal one. Data acquired during six month of environment monitoring prove that error correction of methane sensing units was essential for maintenance free sensor operation, despite used safety procedures.
|Publication size in sheets||0.5|
|Book||Swatowska Barbara, Maziarz Wojciech, Pisarkiewicz Tadeusz, Kucewicz Wojciech (eds.): Proceedings of SPIE Electron Technology Conference 2016, vol. 1, no. 10175, 2016, SPIE, ISBN 9781510608436, 354 p., DOI:10.1117/12.2270351|
|Keywords in English||Environmental monitoring; Methane; Sensors; Humidity; Safety; Gases; Microcontrollers; Reliability; Air contamination; Computer hardware|
|Score|| = 15.0, 27-03-2017, BookChapterMatConfByIndicator|
= 15.0, 27-03-2017, BookChapterMatConfByIndicator
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