Influence of modification of Ti3C2MXene with ceramic oxide and noble metal nanoparticles on its antimicrobial properties and ecotoxicity towards selected algae and higher plants

Anita Rozmysłowska-Wojciechowska , Ewa Karwowska , Szymon Poźniak , Tomasz Wojciechowski , L. Chlubny , Andrzej Olszyna , Wanda Ziemkowska , Agnieszka Jastrzębska


The number of investigations regarding the application of 2D nanosheets of MXenes in different technological areas is growing rapidly. Different surface modifications of MXenes have been introduced to date in order to tailor their properties. As a result, surface-modified MXenes could be released in the environment from filtration membranes, adsorbents, or photocatalysts. On the other hand, assessment of their environmental impact is practically unexplored. In the present study, we examined how modification of the antimicrobial Ti3C2 MXene with ceramic oxide and noble metal nanoparticles affects its toxic behavior. The expanded 2D sheets of the Ti3C2 MXene phase were modified with Al2O3/Ag, SiO2/Ag, and SiO2/Pd nanoparticles using the sol–gel method and extensively characterized. The obtained 2D nanocomposite structures were characterized by antibacterial properties. The ecotoxicological assays considered green algae (Desmodesmus quadricauda) as well as two higher plants: sorghum (Sorghum saccharatum) and charlock (Sinapis alba). Our results revealed that obtained nanomaterials can cause both stimulating and inhibiting effects towards algae, and the ecotoxicity depended on the concentration and the type of modification. The study reveals the intriguing property of pristine Ti3C2 which highly stimulated green algae growth at low concentrations. It also shows that modification of pristine Ti3C2 MXene with different nanoparticles changes the ecotoxicological effects of the resulting nanocomposite 2D structures. We have also indicated nanocomposite structures that does not revealed the toxic effect on tested organisms i.e. the Ti3C2 MXene surface-modified with Al2O3/Ag was not phyto- and eco-toxic. This work helps with better understanding of the reactivity of surface-modified MXenes towards chosen organisms, giving more information concerning the potential impact of tested nanocomposites on the ecosystems.
Author Anita Rozmysłowska-Wojciechowska (FMSE / DSMP)
Anita Rozmysłowska-Wojciechowska,,
- Division of Ceramic Materials and Polymers
, Ewa Karwowska (FEE / DB)
Ewa Karwowska,,
- Department of Biology
, Szymon Poźniak (FMSE / DSMP)
Szymon Poźniak,,
- Division of Ceramic Materials and Polymers
, Tomasz Wojciechowski (FC / DCOC)
Tomasz Wojciechowski,,
- Department Of Catalysis And Organometallic Chemistry
, L. Chlubny - [AGH University of Science and Technology (AGH)]
L. Chlubny,,
- Akademia Górniczo-Hutnicza im. Stanisława Staszica w Krakowie
, Andrzej Olszyna (FMSE / DSMP)
Andrzej Olszyna,,
- Division of Ceramic Materials and Polymers
, Wanda Ziemkowska (FC / DCOC)
Wanda Ziemkowska,,
- Department Of Catalysis And Organometallic Chemistry
, Agnieszka Jastrzębska (FMSE / DSMP)
Agnieszka Jastrzębska,,
- Division of Ceramic Materials and Polymers
Journal seriesRSC Advances, ISSN 2046-2069
Issue year2019
Publication size in sheets0.65
ASJC Classification1500 General Chemical Engineering; 1600 General Chemistry
Languageen angielski
Score (nominal)100
Score sourcejournalList
ScoreMinisterial score = 100.0, 07-07-2020, ArticleFromJournal
Publication indicators Scopus Citations = 7; WoS Citations = 0; GS Citations = 5.0; Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2017 = 0.736; WoS Impact Factor: 2018 = 3.049 (2) - 2018=3.168 (5)
Citation count*5 (2020-07-31)
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* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.
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