Enhanced grain refinement and microhardness by hybrid processing using hydrostatic extrusion and high-pressure torsion
Piotr Bazarnik , Yi Huang , Małgorzata Lewandowska , T.G. Langdon
AbstractAn investigation was conducted to examine the microstructure and mechanical properties of an Al-5483 aluminium alloy subjected to a hybrid severe plastic deformation (SPD) process consisting of hydrostatic extrusion (HE) followed by high-pressure torsion (HPT) for up to 10 revolutions. The results are compared with those for samples processed separately by HE or by HPT. Microhardness measurements were taken on cross-sectional planes of the HE billets and on the HPT disks and in addition the microstructures were examined using transmission electron microscopy. The results demonstrate that the hybrid process of HE+HPT induces additional grain refinement when compared with HPT with average grain sizes of ~ 60 and 90 nm, respectively. Also, a significantly higher fraction of high-angle grain boundaries (HAGBs) was present after HE+HPT and the beneficial role of HE pre-processing was also apparent in the microhardness measurements. After the hybrid process, the microhardness saturated at Hv≈255 which is higher than after either HPT (Hv≈235) or HE (Hv≈160). A linear Hall-Petch relationship was maintained for coarse-grained and SPD-processed samples with high fractions of HAGBs (above 70%) while samples with higher fractions of low-angle grain boundaries showed a significant deviation from linearity.
|Journal series||Materials Science and Engineering A-Structural Materials Properties Microstructure And Processing, ISSN 0921-5093|
|Publication size in sheets||0.5|
|Keywords in English||Combinations of SPD, Grain boundary misorientation angles, High-pressure torsion, Hydrostatic extrusion, Microhardness, Ultrafine grains|
|ASJC Classification||; ; ;|
|Score||= 35.0, 08-01-2020, ArticleFromJournal|
|Publication indicators||= 5; = 3; : 2017 = 1.943; : 2018 = 4.081 (2) - 2018=4.014 (5)|
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