An approximate mathematical model binding the height and position of lumbar vertebrae in the canine spine

Iza Wadowska , Małgorzata Dzierzęcka , Sławomir Paśko , Karolina Barszcz , Bartłomiej J. Bartyzel

Abstract

The lumbosacral region of the spine is the most susceptible to pathology in large breed dogs. The most common pathologies of this segment include intervertebral disc disease, distortion of vertebrae, narrowing of the lumbosacral canal and congenital defects of the spine. The aim of this study is to develop a mathematical model describing the height of each lumbosacral vertebra in the dog in relation to the position of the vertebra. For the mathematical analysis we used the results of two measurements for each lumbar vertebra. The first measurement was made from the top of the spinous process to the center of the spinal cord. The second measurement was made from the center of the body of one vertebra to the center of the body of the next one. It is possible to determine an approximate mathematical model that would be uniform for the entire species and would connect the height of the lumbar vertebrae with their location for every breed of the domestic dog. Despite the considerable differences in the constitutional type (small, medium and large breeds), the morphology of the lumbosacral region of the spine exhibits similar proportions. Therefore, it is possible to assess an anomaly of this spinal region objectively. These findings suggest that it is possible to determine an approximate mathematical model that would be uniform for the entire species. The present study was carried out as part of a larger project. This particular work is a pilot study.
Author Iza Wadowska - Faculty of Veterinary Medicine [Warsaw University of Life Science (SGGW)]
Iza Wadowska,,
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, Małgorzata Dzierzęcka - Faculty of Veterinary Medicine [Warsaw University of Life Science (SGGW)]
Małgorzata Dzierzęcka,,
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, Sławomir Paśko (FM / IMPh)
Sławomir Paśko,,
- The Institute of Micromechanics and Photonics
, Karolina Barszcz - Faculty of Veterinary Medicine [Warsaw University of Life Science (SGGW)]
Karolina Barszcz,,
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, Bartłomiej J. Bartyzel - Faculty of Veterinary Medicine [Warsaw University of Life Science (SGGW)]
Bartłomiej J. Bartyzel,,
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Journal seriesPolish Journal of Veterinary Sciences, ISSN 1505-1773, e-ISSN 2300-2557
Issue year2020
Vol23
No2
Pages301-308
Publication size in sheets0.5
Keywords in Englishlumbar vertebrae, spine, dogs, mathematical model
ASJC Classification2700 General Medicine; 3400 General Veterinary
DOIDOI:10.24425/pjvs.2020.133645
URL http://journals.pan.pl/dlibra/publication/133645/edition/116775/content
Languageen angielski
Score (nominal)40
Score sourcejournalList
ScoreMinisterial score = 40.0, 09-09-2020, ArticleFromJournal
Publication indicators WoS Citations = 0; Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2017 = 0.539; WoS Impact Factor: 2018 = 0.802 (2) - 2018=0.898 (5)
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