Nanoconjugates of ferrocene and carbon-encapsulated iron nanoparticles as sensing platforms for voltammetric determination of ceruloplasmin in blood

Magdalena Popławska , Artur Kasprzak


The nanoparticles comprising of iron core and carbon shell were decorated with ferrocene derivatives: ferrocenecarboxaldehyde (Fc-1) and ferrocenecarboxaldehyde oxime (Fc-2). A microdrop of suspension of the nanoconjugate was placed on a glassy-carbon electrode to prepare the recognition/sensing layer. Drying and purification of the sensing layer resulted in a well-defined and stable square-wave voltammogram of the ferrocene moiety. The height of the voltammetric peak increased in the presence of ceruloplasmin. That increase was linearly dependent on the logarithmic concentration of ceruloplasmin in blood. The applied external magnetic field was a factor which yielded better sensitivity and repeatability of the sensor response. The linearity of sensor response was found to be between 0.001 and 10 μg dL−1 and 0.05–10 μg dL−1 for both nanoconjugates: Fe@C-Fc-1 and Fe@C-Fc-2, in the presence and absence of the magnet, respectively. The obtained detection limit (LOD) for Fe@C-Fc-1 was found to be 0.60 and 0.10 μg dL−1 in the absence and presence of magnetic field, respectively, whilst for Fe@C-Fc-2 was 0.4 and 0.07 μg dL−1 in the absence and presence of a magnet, respectively. The proposed method is selective because the presence of common antioxidants in blood did not interfere significantly with the determination of the concentration of ceruloplasmin.
Author Magdalena Popławska ZChO
Magdalena Popławska,,
- Department Of Organic Chemistry
, Artur Kasprzak ZChO
Artur Kasprzak,,
- Department Of Organic Chemistry
Total number of authors7
Corporate authorThe Faculty of Chemistry, WUT (WCh)
Journal seriesBiosensors & Bioelectronics, ISSN 0956-5663
Issue year2018
Publication size in sheets0.5
Languageen angielski
Popławska 2018-2.pdf (file archived - login or check accessibility on faculty) Popławska 2018-2.pdf 1.04 MB
Score (nominal)0
ScoreMinisterial score = 40.0, 12-01-2018, ArticleFromJournal
Ministerial score (2013-2016) = 40.0, 12-01-2018, ArticleFromJournal
Publication indicators WoS Impact Factor: 2016 = 7.78 (2) - 2016=6.862 (5)
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* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.