Simulations of X-ray conversion into primary electrons in GEM-based detector

Karol Malinowski , M. Chernyshova , Tomasz Czarski , E. Kowalska-Strzęciwilk , Paweł Linczuk , Andrzej Wojeński


The paper presents the results of simulations of the interaction of X-rays of different discrete energies (1-25 keV) with the structure of the GEM chamber. The simulations were performed using Geant4 software. This program allowed taking into account phenomena such as the emission of photoelectrons, Auger electrons and fluorescence X-rays. As a result, the energy distributions of primary electrons formed in the absorption region of the detector (drift gap) were obtained. The distributions of primary electrons, which are the source of electron avalanches in the detector under study, are directly responsible for the distribution of pulses on the detector reading anode. Some measurements were also performed, confirming the compatibility of simulated spectra and experimental ones. The main conclusion from the simulation is the need to eliminate copper from the detector structure, especially from GEM foils and from the reading electrode, if there is an intension to record X-rays with energies above 9 keV . An observable parasitic contribution to the spectrum recorded by the detector is also given by several other materials.

Author Karol Malinowski
Karol Malinowski,,
, M. Chernyshova
M. Chernyshova,,
, Tomasz Czarski
Tomasz Czarski,,
, E. Kowalska-Strzęciwilk
E. Kowalska-Strzęciwilk,,
, Paweł Linczuk (FEIT / PE)
Paweł Linczuk,,
- The Institute of Electronic Systems
, Andrzej Wojeński (FEIT / PE)
Andrzej Wojeński,,
- The Institute of Electronic Systems
Journal seriesJournal of Instrumentation, ISSN 1748-0221
Issue year2020
Publication size in sheets0.5
Keywords in EnglishDetector modelling and simulations I (interaction of radiation with matter, interactionof photons with matter, interaction of hadrons with matter, etc); Micropattern gaseous detectors(MSGC, GEM, THGEM, RETHGEM, MHSP, MICROPIC, MICROMEGAS, InGrid, etc)
ASJC Classification2610 Mathematical Physics; 3105 Instrumentation
Languageen angielski
A.Wojeński, P.Linczuk_Simulations of X-ray conversion into primary electrons in.pdf 1.93 MB
Score (nominal)70
Score sourcejournalList
ScoreMinisterial score = 70.0, 16-07-2020, ArticleFromJournal
Publication indicators Scopus Citations = 0; Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2018 = 0.934; WoS Impact Factor: 2018 = 1.366 (2) - 2018=1.314 (5)
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