Reduced nonspecific protein adsorption by application of diethyldithiocarbamate in receptor layer of diphtheria toxoid electrochemical immunosensor

Robert Ziółkowski , Adrianna Kaczmarek , Ilona Kośnik , Elżbieta Malinowska


The immunoassay technology is of particular importance for both the environmental industry and clinical analysis. Biosensors, with the sensing layer based on antibodies or their fragments, offer high selectivity and short detection times. However, analytical devices where the electrochemical signal corresponds to changes in the interfacial region (sensing layer/electrode surface) are very susceptible to any nonspecific adsorption. Unfortunately, proteins (including antibodies) belong to the molecules showing high non-specific interactions with solid substrates. Herein, we propose diethyldithiocarbamate as a new antifouling and highly conductive agent. The investigations were conducted to evaluate its interaction with chosen proteins and the mechanism of its co-adsorption with biotinylated thiol (an anchor point for immune-sensing elements). The developed receptor layer is characterised by reduced nonspecific protein adsorption and high conductivity with the same preserved specificity of the antibodies (immobilised by the streptavidin/biotin bioaffinity technique). This allowed for selective detection of the diphtheria toxoid, an inactive toxin secreted by virulent strains of Corynebacterium diphtheria, at the level of 5 ⋅ 10−6 μg⋅ml−1 (1 ⋅ 10−6 Lf⋅ml−1) and in the real-life sample.

Author Robert Ziółkowski (FC / CMB)
Robert Ziółkowski,,
- Chair of Medical Biotechnology
, Adrianna Kaczmarek (FC / CMB)
Adrianna Kaczmarek,,
- Chair of Medical Biotechnology
, Ilona Kośnik (FC / CMB)
Ilona Kośnik,,
- Chair of Medical Biotechnology
, Elżbieta Malinowska (FC / CMB)
Elżbieta Malinowska,,
- Chair of Medical Biotechnology
Journal seriesBioelectrochemistry, ISSN 1567-5394, e-ISSN 1878-562X
Issue year2020
Publication size in sheets0.3
ASJC Classification2700 General Medicine; 1304 Biophysics; 1603 Electrochemistry; 1606 Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
Languageen angielski
wdpb_publikacje_pliki_plik_publikacja_3874_org.pdf 2.12 MB
Score (nominal)100
Score sourcejournalList
ScoreMinisterial score = 100.0, 07-08-2020, ArticleFromJournal
Publication indicators Scopus Citations = 0; Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2018 = 1.15; WoS Impact Factor: 2018 = 4.474 (2) - 2018=4.028 (5)
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