Increasing anti-spoofing protection in speaker verification using linear prediction

Artur Janicki


This article addresses the problem of anti-spoofing protection in an automatic speaker verification (ASV) system. An improved version of a previously proposed spoofing countermeasure is presented. The presented method is based on the analysis of linear prediction error that results from both short- and long-term prediction of the input speech signal. It was observed that non-natural speech signals, i.e., synthetic or converted speech, were predicted in a different way than genuine speech. Therefore, in contrast to the classical linear prediction analysis, where usually only the prediction coefficients are analyzed, in the proposed approach the residual (error) signals were examined. During this analysis, 23 various prediction parameters were extracted, such as the energy of the prediction error, prediction gains and temporal parameters related to the prediction error signals. Various binary classifiers were researched to separate human and spoof classes, however the support vector machines with radial basis function (SVM-RBF) yielded the best results. When tested on the corpora provided for the ASVspoof 2015 Challenge, the proposed countermeasure returned better results than the previous version of the algorithm and, in most of the cases, the baseline spoofing detector based on the local binary patterns (LBP). It is hoped that the proposed method can be part of a generalized spoofing countermeasure helping to increase security of ASV systems.
Author Artur Janicki (FEIT / IT)
Artur Janicki,,
- The Institute of Telecommunications
Journal seriesMultimedia Tools and Applications, ISSN 1380-7501
Issue year2016
NoFirst Online: 16 April 2016
Publication size in sheets0.75
Keywords in EnglishSpeaker verification, Spoofing, Linear prediction, Local binary patterns, SVM-RBF
ASJC Classification1705 Computer Networks and Communications; 1708 Hardware and Architecture; 2214 Media Technology; 1712 Software
ProjectThe Develpment of Digital Communicatios. Project leader: Siuzdak Jerzy, , Phone: +48 22 234-7868, start date 27-04-2015, end date 31-12-2016, IT/2015/statut, Completed
WEiTI Działalność statutowa
Languageen angielski
LicenseJournal (articles only); author's original; Uznanie Autorstwa (CC-BY); after publication
2016 Janicki Increasing anti-spoofing.pdf 1.16 MB
Score (nominal)30
Score sourcejournalList
ScoreMinisterial score = 25.0, 02-02-2020, ArticleFromJournal
Ministerial score (2013-2016) = 30.0, 02-02-2020, ArticleFromJournal
Publication indicators WoS Citations = 1; Scopus Citations = 1; Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2016 = 0.738; WoS Impact Factor: 2016 = 1.53 (2) - 2016=1.572 (5)
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* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.
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