Hybrid Energy Storage Based on Ultracapacitor and Lead Acid Battery: Case Study

Ewa Jankowska , Karol Kopciuch , Magdalena Błażejczak , Włodzimierz Majchrzycki , Piotr Piórkowski , Adrian Chmielewski , Krzysztof Jakub Bogdziński


In the following work research on lead acid battery – ultracapacitor hybrid energy storage was presented. The maximum output power and energy storage capabilities of the mentioned storage units were sufficient enough to start up an internal combustion engine of a passenger car in standard operating conditions. In the article the internal combustion engine start up process with implementation of a hybrid energy storage with battery and ultracapacitor connected in series, was analyzed. Based on conducted research it was concluded, that using a ultracapacitor and lead-acid battery in a hybrid system leads to complementation of operational parameters (i.e. high energy density and high power density is achieved) for both components in suboptimal conditions, such as low ambient temperature or low state of charge of the battery. Analysis of lead-acid battery and ultracapacitor characteristics as independent units and in hybrid configuration proved positive co-operation of both energy storage types. The research conducted presents the difference in behavior of systems based on type of ultracapacitor used in engine start-up conditions.
Author Ewa Jankowska
Ewa Jankowska,,
, Karol Kopciuch - Instytut Metali Nieżelaznych (IMN)
Karol Kopciuch,,
, Magdalena Błażejczak
Magdalena Błażejczak,,
, Włodzimierz Majchrzycki - Instytut Metali Nieżelaznych (IMN)
Włodzimierz Majchrzycki,,
, Piotr Piórkowski (FACME / ICME)
Piotr Piórkowski,,
- The Institute of Construction Machinery Engineering
, Adrian Chmielewski (FACME / IV)
Adrian Chmielewski,,
- Institute of Vehicles
, Krzysztof Jakub Bogdziński (FACME / IV)
Krzysztof Jakub Bogdziński,,
- Institute of Vehicles
Publication size in sheets0.5
Book Szewczyk Roman, Zieliński Cezary, Kaliczyńska Małgorzata: Advances in Automation, Robotics and Measurement Techniques, Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing, vol. 743, 2018, Springer International Publishing AG , ISBN 978-3-319-77178-6, 795 p., DOI:10.1007/978-3-319-77179-3
Keywords in EnglishLead acid battery Ultracapacitor Hybrid energy storage Test stand
URL https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-3-319-77179-3_32
Languageen angielski
LicensePublisher website (books and chapters only); published final; Uznanie Autorstwa (CC-BY); after publication
Score (nominal)15
ScoreMinisterial score = 15.0, 15-04-2019, BookChapterSeriesAndMatConf
Ministerial score (2013-2016) = 15.0, 15-04-2019, BookChapterSeriesAndMatConf
Publication indicators WoS Citations = 2
Citation count*7 (2019-04-17)
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* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.