Studying the sensitivity of GOCE gravity gradients to the crustal structure: case study of Central Europe

Artur Lenczuk , Janusz Bogusz , Tomasz Olszak , Marcin Barlik


We discuss the determination of gravity gradients from the orbital ceiling to the depth of the Mohorovičić discontinuity (Moho) for Central Europe. Components of the Eötvös tensor were derived from “Heterogeneous gravity data combination for Earth interior and geophysical exploration research” project (“GOCE+”) by using the gridded data with a resolution of 0.2° per 0.2°. Gravity gradients to Moho boundary depth were modelled forward to the 255 km orbital height. We calculated gradient sensitivity using a 3D model divided into: sediments and consolidated crust including the precise location of the Moho boundary. To define tesseroids as mathematical model we need to set two parameters of the crust: density and thickness for each spherical layer separately. Altitudes for topography/bathymetry were derived from ETOPO1 model, sediments thickness from EuCRUST-07 model, and Moho boundary from Grad and Tiira (Geophys J Int 176(1):279–292, 2009. https ://doi. org/10.1111/j.1365-246x.2008.03919 .x) seismic map. For high latitudes, we noted the largest changes for the gradients towards the poles, with particular values of 689.07 mE (millieotvos) and 1138.19 mE for VXX and VZZ gradients, respectively. We obtained extreme values for the location of the deep and shallow areas of the crust (Alps, North-Eastern Poland and areas of seas) equal to − 3 E and + 1.5 E, respectively. Most of the gradients showed strong correlation with anomalies in crustal density of − 2.5 E for VZZ and + 1.5 E for VYY in the extreme cases. We showed that changes in crust density and thickness by respectively 50 kg/m3 and 10 km entail changes in gradient values by 15% for density and 10% for depths. Numerical analysis considering Preliminary Reference Earth Model (PREM) showed importance of density modeling for determination of gravity gradients.
Author Artur Lenczuk
Artur Lenczuk,,
, Janusz Bogusz
Janusz Bogusz,,
, Tomasz Olszak (FGC / CGGA)
Tomasz Olszak,,
- Chair of Geodesy and Geodetic Astronomy
, Marcin Barlik (FGC / CGGA)
Marcin Barlik,,
- Chair of Geodesy and Geodetic Astronomy
Journal seriesActa Geodaetica et Geophysica, ISSN 2213-5812, (A 15 pkt)
Issue year2019
Volpublished online 05.02.2019
Publication size in sheets0.75
Keywords in EnglishGOCE, Tesseroid, Eötvös tensor, Mohorovičić discontinuity, Gradiometry
ASJC Classification1907 Geology; 1908 Geophysics; 2215 Building and Construction
Internal identifier1/2019
Languageen angielski
Score (nominal)15
ScoreMinisterial score = 15.0, 11-07-2019, ArticleFromJournal
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2016 = 0.86; WoS Impact Factor: 2017 = 0.738 (2) - 2017=0.717 (5)
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