Transcranial Doppler in pediatric emergency and intensive care unit: a case series and literature review
Francisco Abecasis , Vitor Oliveira , Chiara Robba , Marek Czosnyka
AbstractPurpose Transcranial Doppler (TCD) has been used for more than 30 years in clinical practice. Although adult intensive care is relatively well covered, pediatric cases are still underrepresented. We intend to review a series of pediatric cases where TCD was determinant in clinical decisions and a literature review on this topic. Methods We describe cases with different pathologies where TCD had an important role in clinical management of the patients. We discuss TCD utility and potential role both in the emergency department and the intensive care unit. Results Five patients with different neurologic insults are presented. TCD was useful in the identification of intracranial hypertension in traumatic brain injury, hydrocephalus and central nervous system infection; identification of decreased cerebral perfusion pressure in hypovolemic shock and the diagnosis of impending cerebral circulatory arrest in a child with meningococcal septicemia. We discuss how TCD can be used in emergency and intensive care settings, reviewing relevant literature and our own experience. Conclusions Non-invasive testing using TCD can aid clinical decisions. More widespread use of this technique will allow for better care of children with neurologic insults.
|Journal series||Childs Nervous System, ISSN 0256-7040, (A 25 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.5|
|Keywords in English||Transcranial Doppler; Traumatic brain injury; Intracranial hypertension; Neuromonitoring|
|ASJC Classification||; ;|
|Score||= 25.0, 23-09-2019, ArticleFromJournal|
|Publication indicators||= 0; = 0; : 2016 = 0.913; : 2017 = 1.235 (2) - 2017=1.325 (5)|
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