Investigation of degradation mechanism of palladium-nickel wires during oxidation of ammonia

Jarosław Pura , Piotr Kwaśniak , Dorota Jakubowska , Jakub Jaroszewicz , Joanna Zdunek , Halina Garbacz , Jarosław Mizera , M. Gierej , Z. Laskowski

Abstract

The process of oxidation of ammonia proceeds in 800–900 °C with high reactivity hydrogen discharge. Extremely aggressive environment and temperature require using the most chemically resistant materials with catalysis properties. One of the main groups of those materials is palladium–nickel alloys. In our investigation we focused on analysis of PdNi5 degradation during catalysis process. The investigation was performed on 78 μm diameter wires after long exposition to chemically aggressive environment. The samples were prepared with focused ion beam (FIB) system. The observations of surface and wire cross sections were executed using a scanning electron microscope (SEM) with energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) device, which allowed defining chemical composition. The effect of a grain orientation on sensitivity to reaction with ammonia gas was tested by mapping with electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD) techniques. Significant change of wire cross section after long exposition was determined by 3D X-ray computer tomography (XCT). The obtained results can be basis of further investigation on improvement of strength of PdNi alloys in high temperature chemical application.
Author Jarosław Pura (FMSE / DMD)
Jarosław Pura,,
- Division of Materials Design
, Piotr Kwaśniak (FMSE / DMD)
Piotr Kwaśniak,,
- Division of Materials Design
, Dorota Jakubowska (FMSE / DMD)
Dorota Jakubowska,,
- Division of Materials Design
, Jakub Jaroszewicz (FMSE)
Jakub Jaroszewicz,,
- Faculty of Materials Science and Engineering
, Joanna Zdunek (FMSE / DMD)
Joanna Zdunek,,
- Division of Materials Design
, Halina Garbacz (FMSE / DMD)
Halina Garbacz,,
- Division of Materials Design
, Jarosław Mizera (FMSE / DMD)
Jarosław Mizera,,
- Division of Materials Design
, M. Gierej
M. Gierej,,
-
, Z. Laskowski
Z. Laskowski,,
-
Journal seriesCatalysis Today, ISSN 0920-5861
Issue year2013
Vol208
No1
Pages48-55
Publication size in sheets0.5
Keywords in EnglishPrecious metals; Catalysis; Pd–Ni; Gauze
ASJC Classification1503 Catalysis; 1600 General Chemistry
DOIDOI:10.1016/j.cattod.2012.11.014
URL http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0920586112008255
Languageen angielski
Score (nominal)40
Score sourcejournalList
ScoreMinisterial score = 35.0, 17-09-2020, ArticleFromJournal
Ministerial score (2013-2016) = 40.0, 17-09-2020, ArticleFromJournal
Publication indicators WoS Citations = 1; Scopus Citations = 3; GS Citations = 3.0; Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2013 = 1.407; WoS Impact Factor: 2013 = 3.309 (2) - 2013=3.42 (5)
Citation count*3 (2015-05-11)
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* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.
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