Polish District Heating Systems—Development Perspectives

Krzysztof Wojdyga

Abstract

The most economical and rational means of heat supply for city inhabitants are district heating systems. Heat generated in power plants and large heat sources is cheaper than heat from individual sources. The reason for that is the amount of the generated heat and the used fuel (coal for most heat sources). District heating, a very important energy sub-sector for the Polish economy, provides heat supply to centralised heating systems, which, on average, satisfy 72% of the demand for heat in Polish cities. Therefore, several million Polish citizens use heat from district heating systems that produce heat in professional, industrial and municipal power plants. In Europe, over 100 million citizens use district heating systems. The present situation of the Polish district heating sector is a result of Poland’s transformation that took place at the beginning of the 1990s. The reform put the obligation of heat supply on the local authorities, on the municipality, instead of the state. Along with the transformation, district heating also made huge technological and technical progress. Increasing expectations of recipients posed new challenges for the branch, however.
Author Krzysztof Wojdyga ZSCG
Krzysztof Wojdyga,,
- Department of Power Engineering and Gas Heating Systems
Journal seriesJournal of Civil Engineering and Architecture, ISSN 1934-7359, e-ISSN 1934-7367
Issue year2016
No3
Pages268-279
Publication size in sheets0.55
Keywords in EnglishDistrict heating, energy efficiency, cogeneration, energy planning
DOIDOI:10.17265/1934-7359/2016.03.002
URL http://www.davidpublisher.org/index.php/Home/Article/index?id=25225.html
Languageen angielski
Score (nominal)7
ScoreMinisterial score = 0.0, 28-11-2017, ArticleFromJournal
Ministerial score (2013-2016) = 7.0, 28-11-2017, ArticleFromJournal
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