UWB/BLE Tracking System for Elderly People Monitoring
Jerzy Kołakowski , Vitomir Djaja-Jośko , Marcin Kołakowski , Katarzyna Broczek
AbstractLocalization systems are the source of data that allows to evaluate elderly person’s behaviour, to draw conclusions concerning his or her health status and wellbeing, and to detect emergency situations. The article contains a description of a system intended for elderly people tracking. Two novel solutions have been implemented in the system: a hybrid localization algorithm and a method for wireless anchor nodes synchronization. The algorithm fuses results of time difference of arrival and received signal strength measurements in ultrawideband (UWB) and Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE) radio interfaces, respectively. The system allows to change the intensity of UWB packets transmission to adapt localization accuracy and energy usage to current needs and applications. In order to simplify the system installation, communication between elements of the system infrastructure instead of wire interfaces is performed over wireless ones. The new wireless synchronization method proposed in the article consists in retransmission of UWB synchronization packets by selected anchor nodes. It allows for extension of the system coverage, which is limited by the short range of UWB transmission. The proposed solution was experimentally verified. The synchronization method was tested in a laboratory, and the whole system’s performance was investigated in a typical flat. Exemplary results of the tests performed with older adult participation in their own homes are also included.
|Journal series||Sensors, [SENSORS-BASEL], ISSN 1424-8220, e-ISSN 1424-3210|
|Publication size in sheets||1.05|
|ASJC Classification||; ; ;|
|Score||= 100.0, 18-09-2020, ArticleFromJournal|
|Publication indicators||= 2.0; = 1; = 2; : 2016 = 1.393; : 2018 = 3.031 (2) - 2018=3.302 (5)|
|Citation count*||2 (2020-09-04)|
* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.