Influence of four-wave mixing in short- and medium-range 1310  nm dense wavelength division multiplexing systems

Konrad Markowski , Łukasz Chorchos , Jarosław Piotr Turkiewicz


In this paper, we demonstrate a comprehensive analysis of the impact of four-wave mixing (FWM) on the quality of transmission in short- and medium-range dense wavelength division multiplexing (DWDM) systems in the 1310 nm wavelength domain. The presented analysis proves that, for the system with uniform power per channel assignment, setting proper input channel power can substantially reduce the influence of the FWM effect on bit error rate in low channel spaced short-range systems, despite the position of the DWDM grid around the zero-dispersion wavelength. Simulations and experimental analysis of the possibility of FWM suppression have been provided. The power penalty measurements show that the influence of FWM on system performance may be as low as 0.3 dB with reasonable input power (i.e., −11  dBm per channel), making possible the transmission of data by fiber over distances of 25 km. Finally, we demonstrate that, for channel spacing as low as 120 GHz, error-free transmission in the 1310 nm wavelength domain is possible, despite high efficiency of FWM generation. The results prove that utilization of the 1310 nm wavelength domain in a system with low channel spacing, i.e., with better bandwidth allocation, is an interesting solution for data storage and processing center applications.
Author Konrad Markowski ISE
Konrad Markowski,,
- The Institute of Electronic Systems
, Łukasz Chorchos IT
Łukasz Chorchos,,
- The Institute of Telecommunications
, Jarosław Piotr Turkiewicz IT
Jarosław Piotr Turkiewicz,,
- The Institute of Telecommunications
Journal seriesApplied Optics, ISSN 1559-128X [0003-6935]
Issue year2016
Publication size in sheets0.5
Keywords in EnglishFiber optics and optical communications; Optical communications; Nonlinear optics, fibers; Nonlinear optics, four-wave mixing
projectAnalysis of the 1310 nm wavelenght domain capability to support the low-complexity and high capacity transmission. Project leader: Turkiewicz Jarosław Piotr, , Phone: +48 22 234-7629, application date 16-07-2012, start date 03-09-2012, end date 02-09-2015, IT/2012/badawczy/32, Completed
WEiTI Projects financed by NSC [Projekty finansowane przez NCN]
Photonics and Terahertz Technologies - Development of Faculty Research Centre. Project leader: Piramidowicz Ryszard, , Phone: (48 22) 625 73 95; (48 22) 234 78 88, start date 01-01-2010, end date 31-12-2015, POIG.02.01.00-14-197/09, Completed
WEiTI Program Operacyjny Innowacyjna Gospodarka (PO IG)
The Develpment of Digital Communicatios. Project leader: Siuzdak Jerzy, , Phone: +48 22 234-7232, start date 27-04-2015, end date 31-12-2016, IT/2015/statut, Completed
WEiTI Działalność statutowa
Languageen angielski
Score (nominal)30
ScoreMinisterial score = 25.0, 27-03-2017, ArticleFromJournal
Ministerial score (2013-2016) = 30.0, 27-03-2017, ArticleFromJournal
Publication indicators WoS Impact Factor: 2016 = 1.65 (2) - 2016=1.645 (5)
Citation count*5 (2018-02-21)
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* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.