TiO2 nanotubes with pt and pd nanoparticles as catalysts for electro-oxidation of formic acid
Marcin Pisarek , Piotr Kędzierzawski , Mariusz Andrzejczuk , Marcin Hołdyński , Anna Mikołajczuk-Zychora , Andrzej Borodziński , Maria Janik-Czachor
In the present work, the magnetron sputtering technique was used to prepare new catalysts of formic acid electrooxidation based on TiO2 nanotubes decorated with Pt (platinum), Pd (palladium) or Pd + Pt nanoparticles. TiO2 nanotubes (TiO2 NTs) with strictly defined geometry were produced by anodization of Ti foil and Ti mesh in a mixture of glycerol and water with ammonium fluoride electrolyte. The above mentioned catalytically active metal nanoparticles (NPs) were located mainly on the top of the TiO2 NTs, forming 'rings' and agglomerates. A part of metal nanoparticles decorated also TiO2 NTs walls, thus providing sufficient electronic conductivity for electron transportation between the metal nanoparticle rings and Ti current collector. The electrocatalytic activity of the TiO2 NTs/Ti foil, decorated by Pt, Pd and/or Pd + Pt NPs was investigated by cyclic voltammetry (CV) and new Pd/TiO2 NTs/Ti mesh catalyst was additionally tested in a direct formic acid fuel cell (DFAFC). The results so obtained were compared with commercial catalyst-Pd/Vulcan. CV tests have shown for carbon supported catalysts, that the activity of TiO2 NTs decorated with Pd was considerably higher than that one decorated with Pt. Moreover, for TiO2 NTs supported Pd catalyst specific activity (per mg of metal) was higher than that for well dispersed carbon supported commercial catalyst. The tests at DFAFC have revealed also that the maximum of specific power for 0.2 Pd/TiO2 catalyst was 70% higher than that of the commercial one, Pd/Vulcan. Morphological features, and/or peculiarities, as well as surface composition of the resulting catalysts have been studied by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM), and chemical surface analytical methods (X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy-XPS; Auger electron spectroscopy-AES).
|Journal series||Materials, ISSN 1996-1944|
|Publication size in sheets||0.8|
|Keywords in English||TiO2 nanotubes; Pt and Pd nanoparticles; surface and structure characterization; electrocatalysis; formic acid fuel cell|
|Score||= 140.0, 22-07-2020, ArticleFromJournal|
|Publication indicators||= 0; : 2017 = 1.285; : 2018 = 2.972 (2) - 2018=3.532 (5)|
* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.