Chan Hong , Kim Nam Kyun , Blake Madill , P. Nielsen , Michał Ziembowski

Abstract

In this paper we study the homogeneity of radicals defined by nilpotence or primality conditions, in rings graded by a semigroup S. When S is a unique product semigroup, we show that the right (and left) strongly prime and uniformly strongly prime radicals are homogeneous, and an even stronger result holds for the generalized nilradical. We further prove that rings graded by torsion-free, nilpotent groups have homogeneous upper nilradical. We conclude by showing that non-semiprime rings graded by a large class of semigroups must always contain nonzero homogeneous nilpotent ideals.