Respiratory efficiency and incidence of selected pulmonary diseases depending on exposure to ambient particulate matter (PM10)
Artur Jerzy Badyda , P. Dąbrowiecki , P.O. Czechowski , G. Majewski , Anna Gayer , Dominika Mucha , Łukasz Adamkiewicz
AbstractBackground: People living in the vicinity of roads are likely to be more exposed to adverse effects of ambient air pollution. In East-Central Europe there is relatively little evidence on the relationship between air pollution, respiratory efficiency and the occurrence of obstructive diseases. Material: 3,997 inhabitants living in proximity of 7 selected urban busy roads in Warsaw (Poland) and 988 people living in rural areas with low PM10 concentration were investigated in 2008-2012. Pulmonary function tests (EasyOne spirometers) were completed and occurrence of respiratory system diseases, allergies, smoking, sport activities, etc. was examined. Generalized and logistic regression were used to check the association between exposure to PM10 and respiratory efficiency. Differences in obstructive diseases incidence were assessed with ANOVA-FS test. Results: Statistically significant differences (p<0.001) in FEV1, PEF and MEF50 were observed between inhabitants of Warsaw and the control group. Significant association between living close to a busy road and risk of obstruction was found and was particularly high among non-smokers (4.1-times higher RR of obstruction). A 3% decrease of FEV1 among non-smokers was associated with a 17.6 μg/m3 increase of 5-years mean PM10 concentration. Statistically significant differences (p<0.05) between inhabitants of Warsaw and the control group in the incidence of asthma and COPD (but also hypertension) were found. Conclusion: The results prove a significant role of PM air pollution in development of diseases causing bronchial stricture. The risk of flow limitation highly depends on place of living, particularly among non-smokers.
|Journal series||European Respiratory Journal, ISSN 0903-1936, (A 45 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.3|
|Keywords in English||Air pollution, Environment, Epidemiology|
|Score|| = 45.0, 12-06-2018, ArticleFromJournal|
= 45.0, 12-06-2018, ArticleFromJournal
|Publication indicators||: 2015 = 8.332 (2) - 2015=7.284 (5)|
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