Wetlands in flux: looking for the drivers in a central European case

Tomasz Berezowski , Martin Wassen , Jan Szatyłowicz , Jarosław Chormański , Stefan Ignar , Batelaan Okke , Tomasz Okruszko

Abstract

Planet Earth is undergoing significant changes which are driven by natural and anthropogenic factors. However, it is difficult to identify the drivers and their effect on the environment and ecosystems because there are many interdependencies. In this study we present a multi-parameter approach to assess the effect of changes in human-induced and natural drivers on a wetland ecosystem. The study area is one of the most prominent European wetlands: the Biebrza Basin, located in north-eastern Poland. We analysed long-term (ca. 1960–2000) changes in meteorology, hydrology, soil and vegetation, and also conservation history. This approach enabled us to identify interactions between environmental change and management. We found significant trends (1960–2012) indicating climate change: increases in temperature, evapotranspiration and earlier start of spring floods. We identified (1970–2000) a shift towards drier vegetation types after drainage. However, we also found that restoration measures that were implemented have mitigated climate change effects and have led to increases in soil moisture and wetter vegetation types. We conclude that, if carried out sufficiently frequently, the management measures implemented in the Biebrza Basin, which are a combination of different restoration measures (blocking drainage, not clearing aquatic vegetation, bush removal, mowing), can to some extent mitigate the effects of climate change.
Author Tomasz Berezowski
Tomasz Berezowski,,
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, Martin Wassen
Martin Wassen,,
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, Jan Szatyłowicz
Jan Szatyłowicz,,
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, Jarosław Chormański
Jarosław Chormański,,
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, Stefan Ignar
Stefan Ignar,,
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, Batelaan Okke
Batelaan Okke,,
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, Tomasz Okruszko (FEE / CEP)
Tomasz Okruszko,,
- Chair of Environmental Protection
Journal seriesWETLANDS ECOLOGY AND MANAGEMENT, ISSN 0923-4861, (A 25 pkt)
Issue year2018
Vol26
No5
Pages849-863
Publication size in sheets0.7
Keywords in EnglishManagement Restoration Climate change Hydrogenic soils Hydrology Vegetation
ASJC Classification2308 Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law; 1104 Aquatic Science; 1105 Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11273-018-9613-z
Languageen angielski
Score (nominal)30
ScoreMinisterial score = 25.0, 06-01-2019, ArticleFromJournal
Ministerial score (2013-2016) = 30.0, 06-01-2019, ArticleFromJournal
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2017 = 0.756; WoS Impact Factor: 2017 = 1.581 (2) - 2017=1.588 (5)
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