Influence of the size of a micro-cavity fabricated in an optical fiber using the femtosecond laser in a form of in-line Mach-Zehnder interferometer on its refractive index sensitivity

Monika Janik , Marcin Koba , Wojtek J. Bock , Mateusz Jakub Śmietana


This paper discusses refractive index (n) measurement capabilities of micro-cavity with various diameters (d = 40, 54 and 60μm) fabricated in optical fibers by a femtosecond laser. The bottom of the cavity intersected the fiber’s core and the Mach-Zehnder interferometer effect was induced, allowing the measurement of the n of the liquid filling the cavity. After filling the cavity, a set of minima can be observed in fiber transmission spectrum which shift with change in n. Fabricated sensors exhibit high and linear sensitivity, which in the range of n=1.3333 to 1.3500 RIU barely depends on the cavity diameter in case of first observed minima. Next for different micro-cavity diameters the minima do not overlap in refractive index domain thus it is impossible to compare them in terms of the sensitivity. The highest sensitivity of up to more than 27 000 nm/RIU was obtained for the smallest cavity and the third observed minimum.
Author Monika Janik
Monika Janik,,
, Marcin Koba - [Instytut Łączności PIB (IŁ PIB)]
Marcin Koba,,
- Instytut Łączności PIB
, Wojtek J. Bock
Wojtek J. Bock,,
, Mateusz Jakub Śmietana IMiO
Mateusz Jakub Śmietana,,
- The Institute of Microelectronics and Optoelectronics
Publication size in sheets0.5
Book Swatowska Barbara, Maziarz Wojciech, Pisarkiewicz Tadeusz, Kucewicz Wojciech (eds.): Proceedings of SPIE Electron Technology Conference 2016, vol. 1, no. 10175, 2016, SPIE, ISBN 9781510608436, 354 p., DOI:10.1117/12.2270351
Keywords in EnglishFemtosecond lasers; Mach-Zehnder interferometer; Optical fibers; Refractive index; Sensors
Languageen angielski
Score (nominal)15
ScoreMinisterial score = 15.0, 27-03-2017, BookChapterMatConfByIndicator
Ministerial score (2013-2016) = 15.0, 27-03-2017, BookChapterMatConfByIndicator
Citation count*1 (2018-07-18)
Additional fields
Numer pracy101750P
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