Reactive extraction of citric acid using supercritical carbon dioxide
Małgorzata Djas , Marek Henczka
AbstractThis paper presents the results of investigations into reactive extraction of citric acid from an aqueous solution using supercritical carbon dioxide (scCO2) and tri-n-octylamine (TOA). The effect of initial citric acid concentration (0.07–1.04 mol dm−3), pressure (8–16 MPa) and temperature (35–65 °C) on reactive extraction efficiency was identified. The reactive extraction process was conducted in both batch mode and semi-continuous mode. The study concluded that the reactive extraction using TOA as a reactant and scCO2 is an efficient method of citric acid separation. Reactive extraction efficiency increases with an increase in pressure, while an increase in temperature decreases the extraction yield. Reactive extraction of citric acid conducted in semi-continuous mode results in high process efficiency (96.9%). Moreover, the formation of (1,1) acid-amine complexes was reported for the considered initial citric acid (0.01–0.04 mol dm−3) and TOA (0.04–0.07 mol dm−3) concentrations.
|Journal series||Journal of Supercritical Fluids, ISSN 0896-8446, (A 35 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.5|
|Keywords in English||reactive extraction, supercritical carbon dioxide, citric acid, tri- n -octylamine|
|ASJC Classification||; ;|
|Score|| = 35.0, 05-09-2019, ArticleFromJournal|
= 35.0, 05-09-2019, ArticleFromJournal
|Publication indicators||= 7; = 7; : 2016 = 1.266; : 2016 = 2.991 (2) - 2016=2.842 (5)|
* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.