Thermal and optical characterisation of dynamic shading systems with PCMs through laboratory experimental measurements

Lorenza Bianco , Anna Wiktoria Komerska , Ylenia Cascone , Valentina Serra , Michele Zinzi , Emiliano Carnielo , Dariusz Ksionek


Large transparent surface in building façades can be a cause of high energy demand and discomfort conditions in buildings. Since standard static solutions for glazing and shading devices are not sufficient to overcome these drawbacks, a new dynamic shading device based on the integration of phase change materials (PCM) in an alveolar polycarbonate panel was proposed. The concept of the innovative translucent shading is to act as a self-controlling device able to reduce and modulate both light and solar heat gain in the indoor environment and to improve the thermal inertia of the envelope. To provide input data for energy and daylighting computational tools on a building scale, a complete thermal and optical characterisation of the PCMs and of the dynamic shading systems was carried out. Different typologies of PCM (paraffin waxes, salt hydrates and bio-based PCMs) with different melting temperature (in the range of 26–44 °C) and different colour of the polycarbonate panel (blue, green, opal and crystal) were investigated. Specific experimental protocols were implemented to compare the properties of various configurations of the new technology. Results show that the preferable PCMs are the paraffin waxes, due to their stable thermal properties, high latent heat of fusion and narrow melting temperature range. With regard to the thermal resistance of the system, a slightly better performance was measured with the bio-based PCM. According to the optical characterisation, it can be stated that the preferable colours of polycarbonate are green and crystal. The outcomes are promising, but several limits still need to be overcome at the technological and architectural level.
Author Lorenza Bianco
Lorenza Bianco,,
, Anna Wiktoria Komerska (FEE / DHV)
Anna Wiktoria Komerska,,
- Department of Heating and Ventilation
, Ylenia Cascone
Ylenia Cascone,,
, Valentina Serra
Valentina Serra,,
, Michele Zinzi
Michele Zinzi,,
, Emiliano Carnielo
Emiliano Carnielo,,
, Dariusz Ksionek (FEE / DHV)
Dariusz Ksionek,,
- Department of Heating and Ventilation
Journal seriesEnergy and Buildings, ISSN 0378-7788, (A 40 pkt)
Issue year2018
Publication size in sheets0.9
Keywords in EnglishPCM, dynamic shading, laboratory measurement, PCM modelling, DSC, optical properties, thermal conductivity
ASJC Classification2208 Electrical and Electronic Engineering; 2210 Mechanical Engineering; 2215 Building and Construction; 2205 Civil and Structural Engineering
Languageen angielski
1-s2.0-S0378778817325628-main.pdf 5.01 MB
Score (nominal)40
ScoreMinisterial score = 40.0, 11-03-2019, ArticleFromJournal
Ministerial score (2013-2016) = 40.0, 11-03-2019, ArticleFromJournal
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2017 = 2.12; WoS Impact Factor: 2017 = 4.457 (2) - 2017=4.779 (5)
Citation count*2 (2019-05-27)
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* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.