Mechanical and Physicochemical Properties of Newly Formed ZnO-PMMA Nanocomposites for Denture Bases

Mariusz Cierech , Izabela Osica , Adam Kolenda , Jacek Wojnarowicz , Dariusz Szmigiel , Witold Łojkowski , Krzysztof Kurzydłowski , Katsuhiko Ariga , Elżbieta Mierzwińska-Nastalska

Abstract

Aim: The aim of this study was to investigate the selected properties of zinc oxide- polymethyl methacrylate (ZnO-PMMA) nanocomposites that can influence the microorganism deposition on their surface. Materials and Methods: Non-commercial ZnO-NPs were prepared, characterized and used for the preparation of PMMA nanocomposite. Roughness, absorbability, contact angle and hardness of this new nanomaterial were evaluated. PMMA without ZnO-NPs served as control. Outcomes: Compared to unenriched PMMA, incorporation of ZnO-NPs to 7.5% for PMMA nanocomposite increases the hardness (by 5.92%) and the hydrophilicity. After modification of the material with zinc oxide nanoparticles the roughness parameter did not change. All tested materials showed absorption within the range of 1.82 to 2.03%, which meets the requirements of International Organization for Standardization (ISO) standards for denture base polymers. Conclusions: The results showed no significant deterioration in the properties of acrylic resin that could disqualify the nanocomposite for clinical use. Increased hydrophilicity and hardness with absorbability within the normal range can explain the reduced microorganism growth on the denture base, as has been proven in a previous study.
Author Mariusz Cierech - Medical University of Warsaw (WUM)
Mariusz Cierech,,
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, Izabela Osica (FMSE / DMD)
Izabela Osica,,
- Division of Materials Design
, Adam Kolenda - Medical University of Warsaw (WUM)
Adam Kolenda,,
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, Jacek Wojnarowicz - Instytut Wysokich Ciśnień Polskiej Akademii Nauk (Instytut Wysokich Ciśnień Polskiej Akademii Nauk)
Jacek Wojnarowicz,,
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, Dariusz Szmigiel - Institute of Electron Technology (ITE)
Dariusz Szmigiel,,
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, Witold Łojkowski - Instytut Wysokich Ciśnień Polskiej Akademii Nauk (Instytut Wysokich Ciśnień Polskiej Akademii Nauk)
Witold Łojkowski,,
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, Krzysztof Kurzydłowski (FMSE / DMD)
Krzysztof Kurzydłowski,,
- Division of Materials Design
, Katsuhiko Ariga - National Institute for Materials Science Tsukuba (NIMS)
Katsuhiko Ariga,,
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, Elżbieta Mierzwińska-Nastalska - Medical University of Warsaw (WUM)
Elżbieta Mierzwińska-Nastalska,,
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Journal seriesNanomaterials, ISSN 2079-4991
Issue year2018
Vol8
No5
Pages305-305
Publication size in sheets0.3
Keywords in Englishdenture stomatitis; polymethyl methacrylate; zinc oxide nanoparticles; Candida albicans
DOIDOI:10.3390/nano8050305
URL https://doi.org/10.3390/nano8050305
Languageen angielski
File
Osica1.pdf 2.86 MB
Score (nominal)35
Score sourcejournalList
ScoreMinisterial score = 35.0, 28-01-2020, ArticleFromJournal
Publication indicators WoS Citations = 4; WoS Impact Factor: 2018 = 4.034 (2) - 2018=4.358 (5)
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