Comparison of echocardiographic linear dimensions for male and female child and adolescent athletes with published pediatric normative data
Hubert Krysztofiak , Łukasz A. Małek , Marcel Młyńczak , Andrzej Folga , Wojciech Braksator
AbstractBackground Application of normative data for echocardiographic measurements to children practicing sports may lead to false positive findings. The aim of the study was to define the normative data of basic echocardiographic measurements for this group and to compare them to the previously published normative data for the pediatric population. Methods Parasternal long-axis 2D-guided echocardiographic measurements were obtained from a group of 791 child athletes (ages 5–18 years). According to the methodology presented pre- viously by Pettersen et al. (2008), the regression equations for basic cardiac dimensions against body surface area were derived and individual Z-scores values were computed, using both Pettersen’s equations and newly derived ones. Results Z-scores computed based on Pettersen’s equations were found to differ significantly from those based on the new equations, for all the analyzed parameters (p<0.001). In agreement analysis, the most pronounced differences were found for the left atrium, interventricular septum and the left ventricular posterior wall. However, in most cases, the indications of abnormality were concordant (91.8%–97.6%); except for the left atrium, where there were 30.8% discordant results. Conclusion The study presents normative data for basic echocardiographic cardiac measurements for children of both sexes practicing varying sporting disciplines and compares them with general pediatric population. Mean values of cardiac dimensions are higher in young ath- letes, particularly in relation to the left atrium and left ventricular muscle thickness. In most cases, the upper limit of normality observed in the young athletes is confined within the upper limit of the general pediatric population.
|Journal series||Plos One, ISSN 1932-6203, (A 35 pkt)|
|Pages||e0205459-1 - e0205459-13|
|Publication size in sheets||0.3|
|ASJC Classification||; ;|
|Score|| = 35.0, 11-03-2019, ArticleFromJournal|
= 40.0, 11-03-2019, ArticleFromJournal
|Publication indicators||: 2017 = 1.111; : 2017 = 2.766 (2) - 2017=3.352 (5)|
* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.