Chemical proteomics and functional proteomics strategies for protein kinase inhibitor validation and protein kinase substrate identification: Applications to protein kinase CK2
Laszlo Gyenis , J. P. Turowec , Maria Bretner , D. W. Litchfield
AbstractSince protein kinases have been implicated in numerous human diseases, kinase inhibitors have emerged as promising therapeutic agents. Despite this promise, there has been a relative lag in the development of unbiased strategies to validate both inhibitor specificity and the ability to inhibit target activity within living cells. To overcome these limitations, our efforts have been focused on the development of systematic strategies that employ chemical and functional proteomics. We utilized these strategies to evaluate small molecule inhibitors of protein kinase CK2, a constitutively active kinase that has recently emerged as target for anti-cancer therapy in clinical trials. Our chemical proteomics strategies used ATP or CK2 inhibitors immobilized on sepharose beads together with mass spectrometry to capture and identify binding partners from cell extracts. These studies have verified that interactions between CK2 and its inhibitors occur in complex mixtures. However, in the case of CK2 inhibitors related to 4,5,6,7-tetrabromo-1H-benzotriazole (TBB), our work has also revealed off-targets for the inhibitors. To complement these studies, we devised functional proteomics approaches to identify proteins that exhibit decreases in phosphorylation when cells are treated with CK2 inhibitors. To identify and validate those proteins that are direct substrates for CK2, we have also employed mutants of CK2 with decreased inhibitor sensitivity. Overall, our studies have yielded systematic platforms for studying CK2 inhibitors which we believe will foster efforts to define the biological functions of CK2 and to rigorously investigate its potential as a candidate for molecular-targeted therapy. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled: Inhibitors of Protein Kinases (2012).
|Journal series||Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Proteins and Proteomics, ISSN 1570-9639|
|Publication size in sheets||0.5|
|Keywords in English||CK2, Protein kinase inhibitor, TBB, Chemoproteomics, Functional proteomics, Inhibitor profiling|
|ASJC Classification||; ; ;|
|Score|| = 25.0, 01-02-2020, ArticleFromJournal|
= 30.0, 01-02-2020, ArticleFromJournal
|Publication indicators||= 8; = 8; : 2013 = 1.148; : 2013 = 3.191 (2) - 2013=3.282 (5)|
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