n-Hexane conversion on γ-alumina supported palladium–platinum catalysts

Monika Radlik , Anna Śrębowata , Wojciech Juszczyk , Krzysztof Matus , Artur Małolepszy , Zbigniew Karpiński

Abstract

Two series of Pd–Pt/Al2O3 catalysts, characterized by high metal dispersions were prepared and investigated in the reaction of n-hexane conversion at the temperature < 300 °C. Incipient wetness co-impregnation of γ-alumina with the solutions of Pd(acac)2 and Pt(acac)2 led to relatively good Pd–Pt alloying. However, a similar catalyst preparation using solutions of PdCl2 and H2PtCl6 resulted in unsatisfactory homogenization; furthermore, significant amounts of chlorine were retained in the catalysts. The Pd–Pt alloy homogeneity has a significant effect on the relations of catalytic activities and product selectivities with Pd–Pt alloy composition. The relationship between the catalytic activity of chlorine-free Pd–Pt/Al2O3 catalysts and bulk Pd–Pt composition matches the accepted relation between the surface composition and bulk composition of Pd–Pt, reflecting a high surface enrichment in palladium. In contrast, for the chloride series of Pd–Pt/Al2O3, variations of the turnover frequency are directly correlated with the bulk composition, indicating that unalloyed, more active, Pt particles decide about the catalytic behavior. Pd/Al2O3 shows better than Pt/Al2O3 selectivity for isomerization, especially after reduction at higher temperatures, ≥ 500 °C. On alloying with Pt, for the Cl-free series the isomerization selectivity was very high for nearly all bimetallic catalysts and showed a synergistic effect for 20 at.% Pt. In contrast, for the Cl-containing series, the isomerization selectivity was proportional to the palladium content. The effect of reduction temperature on the isomerization propensity of Cl-containing Pd–Pt/Al2O3 catalysts was rather small, suggesting that possible variations in support acidity associated with chloride presence do not have large catalytic consequences, confirming the metal-only catalytic action in alkane isomerization carried out at the temperatures below 300 °C.
Author Monika Radlik
Monika Radlik,,
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, Anna Śrębowata
Anna Śrębowata,,
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, Wojciech Juszczyk
Wojciech Juszczyk,,
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, Krzysztof Matus
Krzysztof Matus,,
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, Artur Małolepszy (FCPE / DSP)
Artur Małolepszy,,
- Department of Separation Processes
, Zbigniew Karpiński
Zbigniew Karpiński,,
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Journal seriesAdsorption-Journal of the International Adsorption Society, ISSN 0929-5607, (A 25 pkt)
Issue year2019
Vol25
No4
Pages843-853
Publication size in sheets0.5
Keywords in EnglishPd–Pt/Al2O3, n-Hexane hydroconversion, selectivity for isomerization, effect of alloying, effect of reduction temperature
ASJC Classification3110 Surfaces and Interfaces; 1500 General Chemical Engineering; 1600 General Chemistry
DOIDOI:10.1007/s10450-019-00083-9
URL https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10450-019-00083-9
Languageen angielski
File
Radlik M. (i in.) - n-Hexane conversion on....pdf 1.13 MB
Score (nominal)25
ScoreMinisterial score = 25.0, 26-07-2019, ArticleFromJournal
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2017 = 0.973; WoS Impact Factor: 2017 = 1.829 (2) - 2017=2.398 (5)
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