Layer approach to ownership in 3D cadastre in the case of underground tunnels

Marcin Karabin , Dimitrios Kitsakis , Mila Koeva , Gerhard Navratil , Jesper M. Paasch , Jenny Paulsson , Nikola Vučić , Karel Janečka , Anka Lisec


The paper focuses on approaches to the registration of real property rights in the case of underground or subway tunnels in different EU countries: Austria, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Croatia, Greece, Poland, Slovenia, and Sweden. The authors conducted analysis on the registration of rights to subway tunnels in the chosen countries, including its effectiveness in ensuring appropriate property rights to construct and exploit tunnels. Special attention was given to limitations related to the lack of legal provisions vertically dividing space, i.e. into layers, and referring to the ownership right to the layers. Benefits which might be achieved by the introduction of a 3D real property subdivision were pointed out. The analysis of the available data concerning the geometry of subway tunnels in particular countries was presented. The authors tried to answer the question whether the accessible data concerning the geometry of subway tunnels allows to generate a 3D geospatial model of a constructed object, and to specify the space which should be determined as a 3D parcel in the 3D real property cadastre, for the purpose of registering property rights for the object (the tunnel).

Author Marcin Karabin (FGC / DCLM)
Marcin Karabin,,
- Department of Cadastre and Land Management
, Dimitrios Kitsakis - [National Technical University of Athens]
Dimitrios Kitsakis,,
, Mila Koeva - [University of Twente (UT)
Administrator unit: 'COP'
Mila Koeva,,
- Universiteit Twente
, Gerhard Navratil - [Technische Universitat Wien]
Gerhard Navratil,,
, Jesper M. Paasch - [Hogskolan i Gavle]
Jesper M. Paasch,,
, Jenny Paulsson - [The Royal Institute of Technology (KTH)]
Jenny Paulsson,,
, Nikola Vučić - [State Geodetic Administration]
Nikola Vučić,,
, Karel Janečka - [University of West Bohemia]
Karel Janečka,,
, Anka Lisec - [University of Ljubljana]
Anka Lisec,,
Journal seriesLand Use Policy, ISSN 0264-8377, e-ISSN 1873-5754
Issue year2020
Publication size in sheets0.55
Keywords in English3D cadastre, Subway tunnels, Layer approach
ASJC Classification1107 Forestry; 3305 Geography, Planning and Development; 2308 Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law; 2309 Nature and Landscape Conservation
Internal identifier26/2020
Languageen angielski
Score (nominal)140
Score sourcejournalList
ScoreMinisterial score = 140.0, 23-07-2020, ArticleFromJournal
Publication indicators Scopus Citations = 0; Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2018 = 1.678; WoS Impact Factor: 2017 = 3.194 (2) - 2017=3.662 (5)
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