Characterization of the CVD Graphene Monolayer as an Active Element of a One-Port Microwave Device
Jarosław Judek , Mariusz Zdrojek , Jan Sobieski , Aleksandra Przewloka , Jerzy Piotrowski
AbstractThe one-port configuration of a microwave device is the simplest architecture for graphene ultrafast (photo-)resistors, (photo-)diodes, sensors, and photodetectors. Here, this configuration is realized by a segment of coplanar waveguide (CPW) loaded with a CVD graphene monolayer shorted to the ground. The magnitude and phase of the reflection coefficient (S₁₁ parameter) measured in the 0.1 ÷ 26 GHz frequency range are presented for undisturbed structures as well as for structures illuminated by white light and electrostatically polarized with the backgate. A simple and robust de-embedding procedure based on the signal flow graph and allowing for a simultaneous extraction of the parameters characterizing the CPW segment and the graphene monolayer is proposed. The graphene impedance at microwave frequencies is in good agreement with the value of dc sheet resistance obtained from van der Pauw measurements. The back-gate voltage modulation is an efficient way to modulate both the dc sheet resistance and the impedance. In particular, the Dirac point can be achieved both at microwave frequencies and at dc. An equivalent circuit model consists of only the resistance and capacitance connected in parallel, because of good quality ohmic contacts and a negligible inductance as a result of low-current flow in high-resistance graphene samples.
|Journal series||IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices, ISSN 0018-9383, (A 35 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.5|
|Keywords in English||Graphene; microwaves; one-port device.|
|Score||= 35.0, 09-01-2020, ArticleFromJournal|
|Publication indicators||= 0; = 0; : 2017 = 1.47; : 2017 = 2.62 (2) - 2017=2.746 (5)|
|Citation count*||1 (2020-02-22)|
* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.