Comparing static headspace and dynamic flux hood measurements of biosolids odour emissions

R. Fisher , Radosław Barczak , Juan Pablo Alvarez-Gaitan , Richard M. Stuetz


Malodorous emissions from biosolids limit opportunities for their reuse. Potential emissions may be measured from the headspace of samples or dynamic emissions swept from surface of samples using hood methods. The static headspace method is widely used to represent potential emissions from heaped anaerobic piles of biosolids, whilst dynamic flux hoods measure potential ambient emissions from the surface of biosolids piles taking into account some dilution. Methods were compared using replicates of different biosolid samples to highlight differences between the potential odour measurements. The resultant odorants emitted from the samples as they were aged were analysed using TD-GC-SCD/NCD. Whilst the different methods showed similar behavior of emissions as they were aged, the odorant concentrations varied dramatically between methods. A greater variety of volatile sulfur compounds (VSCs) were observed using the headspace method, perhaps due to the higher concentrations typical of the headspace method exceeding the analytical equipment's limit of detection. VSC emissions using the static headspace method were seen to decrease after the initial days of storage until they were undetectable. The ongoing VSCs emitted from aged biosolids, using the dynamic flux hood method, is likely due to the interplay between anaerobic and aerobic conditions. The differences between the two methodologies identified the need to understand the suitability of measurement methods.
Author R. Fisher
R. Fisher,,
, Radosław Barczak KOKŚ
Radosław Barczak,,
- Chair of Environmental Protection
, Juan Pablo Alvarez-Gaitan
Juan Pablo Alvarez-Gaitan,,
, Richard M. Stuetz
Richard M. Stuetz,,
Journal seriesChemical Engineering Transactions, ISSN 2283-9216, e-ISSN 1974-9791
Issue year2016
Publication size in sheets0.5
Languageen angielski
Score (nominal)5
ScoreMinisterial score = 0.0, 28-11-2017, ArticleFromJournal
Ministerial score (2013-2016) = 5.0, 28-11-2017, ArticleFromJournal - czasopismo zagraniczne spoza list
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