Hyperbranched poly(ether-siloxane)s containing ammonium groups: Synthesis, characterization and catalytic activity
Paweł Parzuchowski , Aleksandra Świderska , Marlena Roguszewska , Karolina Rolińska , Dominik Wołosz , Mariusz Mamiński
In this article we report an easy synthetic route towards hyperbranched polyglycerols (Amm-HBPGs) containing trimethylammonium groups and siloxane or hydroxyl end-groups. Siloxane derivatives of Amm-HBPGs were synthesized in an efficient five-step procedure including an anionic ring opening copolymerization of the phthalimide-epoxy monomer with glycidol, followed by reactions with allyl bromide, hydrosililation with hydrogenheptamethyltrisiloxane, hydrazinolysis of phthalimide groups and quaternization of resulting amine groups with methyl iodide. Hydroxyl derivatives were obtained by quaternization of previously reported aminated HBPG's with methyl iodide. Polymeric products were characterized using various NMR techniques, FTIR, and elemental analysis. Both Amm-HBPGs were shown to be effective in catalysis of addition of CO2 to oxirane. The hydrophilic catalysts showed higher efficiency but synthesis of ethylene carbonate was accompanied by formation of small amounts of ethylene glycol. The siloxane-containing catalyst was easily separable from reaction mixture showing high potential in the process of converting carbon dioxide into valuable chemical raw materials.
|Journal series||Polymers, ISSN 2073-4360|
|Publication size in sheets||0.9|
|Keywords in English||hyperbranched polymer; carbon dioxide; cycloaddition; polysiloxane; polyglycidol; catalysis; oxirane; ethylene carbonate|
|Score||= 100.0, 28-08-2020, ArticleFromJournal|
|Publication indicators||= 0; = 0; : 2018 = 1.057; : 2017 = 2.935 (2) - 2017=3.509 (5)|
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