Filtering of DEP (diesel exhaust particles) in fibrous filters

Agata Bożena Penconek , Bożena Zgiet , Tomasz Robert Sosnowski , Arkadiusz Moskal

Abstract

Nowadays half of all cars are equipped with diesel engine and this number is still increasing. In 2012 IARC (International Agency for Research on Cancer) classified diesel exhaust as carcinogens to humans. Diesel exhaust particles (DEP), solid phase of diesel exhaust fumes, are the major compound of air pollutant. Popular device used to purifying air is fibrous filter, however, the information about DEP filtration in fibrous filters is scarce. Therefore, the goal of this study was to compare filtration efficiency of fibrous filters with different mean fiber diameter exposed to diesel exhaust particles from three commercially available diesel fuels. High effectiveness fibrous filter can be used in particulate-filtering respirators or in cab car to protect against DEP. The highest filtration efficiencies were obtained for fibrous filter with 8.18 μm mean fiber diameter (98.5 %, 95.7 %, 97.8 % for various DEP). Furthermore, the results show that small (< 100 nm), more spherical in shape aggregates are filtered with higher efficiency than similar in size, but dendrite-like aggregates, regardless of mean fiber diameter of fibrous filters. Morphology of aggregate (size, shape) and fibrous filter structure strongly influence the DEP filtration efficiency, which can lead to difficulties during, for example, theoretical modeling of DEP filtration process.
Author Agata Bożena Penconek (FCPE / CIPE)
Agata Bożena Penconek,,
- Chair of Integrated Process Engineering
, Bożena Zgiet (FCPE)
Bożena Zgiet,,
- Faculty of Chemical and Process Engineering
, Tomasz Robert Sosnowski (FCPE / CIPE)
Tomasz Robert Sosnowski,,
- Chair of Integrated Process Engineering
, Arkadiusz Moskal (FCPE / CIPE)
Arkadiusz Moskal,,
- Chair of Integrated Process Engineering
Journal seriesChemical Engineering Transactions, ISSN 1974-9791
Issue year2013
Vol32
Pages1987-1992
Publication size in sheets0.5
ASJC Classification1500 General Chemical Engineering
DOIDOI:10.3303/CET1332332
URL http://www.aidic.it/cet/13/32/332.pdf
Languageen angielski
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Penconek A.B. (i in.) - Filtering of DEP....pdf 606.63 KB
Score (nominal)0
Score sourcejournalList
ScoreMinisterial score = 0.0, 16-07-2020, ArticleFromJournal
Ministerial score (2013-2016) = 0.0, 16-07-2020, ArticleFromJournal
Publication indicators WoS Citations = 3; Scopus Citations = 3; GS Citations = 4.0; Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2013 = 0.823
Citation count*4 (2020-09-11)
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* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.
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