Numerical analysis of the impact of construction of an underground metro line on the urban environment – a case study from the Vistula Valley in Warsaw

Łukasz Dominik Kaczmarek , Paweł Popielski


Underground construction in urban areas is a complex investment, impacting existing buildings. The paper presents a case study of the 2ndmetro line, in close proximity to the Warsaw Slope. To analyze the aforementioned issue, the finite elementmethod (FEM) was used. First, the initial state was generated. Next, the southern tunnel of the metro construction was simulated. Then, the northern tunnel of the metro construction numerical model was prepared. Based on this simulations and cumulative settlements of a particular building above the metro were calculated. The results were confirmed by land surveys. The calculations show the maxi-mum vertical displacement of 8 mm below the building’s foundations. This value does not affect the stability of the building or the slope nearby. Nevertheless, it can impact serviceability. Such settlements can generate cracks in buildings. Furthermore, the value of the calculated safety factor of the Warsaw Slope in this section is 1.1. Hence, slope changes require continuous observations. The numerical procedures presented show the usefulness of FEM and its suitability for the purposes of building an extension of the 2nd metro line.
Author Łukasz Dominik Kaczmarek - University of Warsaw (UW)
Łukasz Dominik Kaczmarek,,
, Paweł Popielski (FEE / DHEH)
Paweł Popielski,,
- Department of Hydraulic Engineering and Hydraulics
Journal seriesPrzegląd Geologiczny, ISSN 0033-2151
Issue year2016
Publication size in sheets0.5
Keywords in Polishosiadania, statecznoœci skarp, obliczenia numeryczne, tunel metra, Skarpa Warszawska
Keywords in Englishsettlements, slope stability, numerical calculations, metro tunnel, Warsaw Slope
ASJC Classification1902 Atmospheric Science; 1907 Geology
Languageen angielski
pg_2016_04_12.pdf 2.04 MB
Score (nominal)12
Score sourcejournalList
ScoreMinisterial score = 12.0, 17-09-2020, ArticleFromJournal
Ministerial score (2013-2016) = 12.0, 17-09-2020, ArticleFromJournal
Publication indicators WoS Citations = 0; GS Citations = 3.0; Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2016 = 0.585
Citation count*3 (2020-09-03)
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* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.
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