SEI Formation and Interfacial Stability of a Si Electrode in a LiTDI-Salt Based Electrolyte with FEC and VC Additives for Li-Ion Batteries
Fredrik Lindgren , Chao Xu , Leszek Niedzicki , Marek Marcinek , Torbjörn Gustafsson , Fredrik Björefors , Kristina Edström , Reza Younesi
AbstractAn electrolyte based on the new salt, lithium 4,5-dicyano-2-(trifluoromethyl)imidazolide (LiTDI), is evaluated in combination with nano-Si composite electrodes for potential use in Li-ion batteries. The additives fluoroethylene carbonate (FEC) and vinylene carbonate (VC) are also added to the electrolyte to enable an efficient SEI formation. By employing hard X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (HAXPES), the SEI formation and the development of the active material is probed during the first 100 cycles. With this electrolyte formulation, the Si electrode can cycle at 1200 mAh g–1 for more than 100 cycles at a coulombic efficiency of 99%. With extended cycling, a decrease in Si particle size is observed as well as an increase in silicon oxide amount. As opposed to LiPF6 based electrolytes, this electrolyte or its decomposition products has no side reactions with the active Si material. The present results further acknowledge the positive effects of SEI forming additives. It is suggested that polycarbonates and a high LiF content are favorable components in the SEI over other kinds of carbonates formed by ethylene carbonate (EC) and dimethyl carbonate (DMC) decomposition. This work thus confirms that LiTDI in combination with the investigated additives is a promising salt for Si electrodes in future Li-ion batteries.
|Journal series||ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, ISSN 1944-8244|
|Publication size in sheets||0.5|
|Keywords in English||fluoroethylene carbonate; hard X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy; lithium 4,5-dicyano-2-(trifluoromethyl)imidazolide; silicon negative electrode; solid electrolyte interphase; vinylene carbonate|
|Score|| = 40.0, 17-08-2020, ArticleFromJournal|
= 40.0, 17-08-2020, ArticleFromJournal
|Publication indicators||= 51; = 52; : 2016 = 1.536; : 2016 = 7.504 (2) - 2016=7.823 (5)|
* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.