Steganographic transmission in optical networks with the use of direct spread spectrum technique

Paweł Łąka , Łukasz Maksymiuk


This paper presents a novel method of hidden data transmission in the physical layer of the optical networks. It is based on direct spread spectrum technique, which is a simplistic and robust approach. There has been a description provided of a concept in which public signal sequences and noise in optical networks were used to hide information. A number of experiments have been conducted according to this work, namely verification of the impact of spreading code lengths on system performance (stealth signal throughput possible to achieve, influence on the public channel);moreover, optical power level dependencies (the stealth versus public channel power levels) were investigated. Finally, there was also a concept presented of multi-code transmission for data rete improvement. Performed experiments proved the feasibility and proper operation of the proposed system and show its potential performance. The maximum achieved hidden data transfer rate was about 20 kbit/s at 25 km fiber length.
Author Paweł Łąka IT
Paweł Łąka,,
- The Institute of Telecommunications
, Łukasz Maksymiuk IT
Łukasz Maksymiuk,,
- The Institute of Telecommunications
Journal seriesSecurity and Communication Networks, ISSN 1939-0114 [1939-0122]
Issue year2016
Publication size in sheets0.55
Keywords in Englishoptical steganography;data hiding;optical spread spectrum
projectPhotonics and Terahertz Technologies - Development of Faculty Research Centre. Project leader: Piramidowicz Ryszard, , Phone: (48 22) 625 73 95; (48 22) 234 78 88, start date 01-01-2010, end date 31-12-2015, POIG.02.01.00-14-197/09, Completed
WEiTI Program Operacyjny Innowacyjna Gospodarka (PO IG)
The Develpment of Digital Communicatios. Project leader: Lubacz Józef, , Phone: +48 22 234-5893, start date 02-06-2014, planned end date 31-12-2014, end date 31-12-2015, IT/2014/statut, Completed
WEiTI Działalność statutowa
Languageen angielski
2015 Łąka Maksymiuk Steganographic transmission.pdf 6.47 MB
Score (nominal)20
ScoreMinisterial score [Punktacja MNiSW] = 20.0, 27-03-2017, ArticleFromJournal
Ministerial score (2013-2016) [Punktacja MNiSW (2013-2016)] = 20.0, 27-03-2017, ArticleFromJournal
Publication indicators WoS Impact Factor [Impact Factor WoS]: 2016 = 1.067 (2) - 2016=1.022 (5)
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* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.