Phenomena Occurring in Nanostructured Stainless Steel 316LVM during Annealing under High Hydrostatic Pressure
Agnieszka Krawczyńska , S. Gierlotka , Przemysław Suchecki , Daria Setman , Bogusława Adamczyk-Cieślak , Michał Gloc , Witold Chromiński , Małgorzata Lewandowska , M. Zehetbauer
AbstractThe aim of the study is to demonstrate the impact of high hydrostatic pressure annealing on the grain boundary character, precipitation rate, and susceptibility to intergranular corrosion of nanostructured austenitic stainless steel 316LVM. To this end, samples of an austenitic stainless steel are deformed by high pressure torsion and subsequently annealed at 900 °C for 10 min under a pressure of 2, 6 GPa and, for comparison, under atmospheric pressure. The resulting microstructures are examined using electron beam scattering diffraction, and transmission and scanning electron microscopy. It is shown that the pressure applied during annealing leads to a higher percentage of high‐angle grain boundaries than does atmospheric pressure. Moreover, it promotes the coexistence of two orientations, <111> and <100>, whereas atmospheric supports mainly <111>. High pressure hinders the growth of carbides, but drastically increases their number compared with atmospheric pressure annealing. As a consequence, the highest number of Cr23C6 carbides are present in the sample annealed under 6 GPa, making this sample susceptible to intergranular corrosion.
|Journal series||Advanced Engineering Materials, ISSN 1438-1656|
|Publication size in sheets||0.5|
|Keywords in English||annealing, austenitic stainless steel, intergranular corrosion resistance, nanostructured materials|
|Score||= 100.0, 09-06-2020, ArticleFromJournal|
|Publication indicators||= 2; = 0; : 2018 = 1.078; : 2018 = 2.906 (2) - 2018=2.897 (5)|
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