Technology Innovation System Analysis of Electricity Smart Metering in the European Union
Katarzyna Korczak , Maksymilian Kochański , Tadeusz Skoczkowski
AbstractBetween 2018 and 2023 the penetration rate of electricity smart meters in the European Union (EU) is expected to grow from approximately 44% to 71%. The unprecedently rapid development of smart metering (SM) as an ICT-enabled technological novelty is progressing in a complex, multi-actor innovation system, which is strongly driven by EU-level institutions and policies. This paper presents the comprehensive Technology Innovation System (TIS) analysis of electricity SM development in the EU, with a focus placed on regulatory aspects. The article identifies the key elements of the SM innovation system (technologies and infrastructures; actors and networks; institutions and policies) and characterises their interaction based on an in-depth desk research and a critical assessment of regulations, statistics and primary and grey literature sources (e.g., market reports). The main enablers and barriers for EU-level SM TIS development are studied. The major driving force for EU-level SM TIS is the clear, yet evolving vision of EU-level actors for the SM deployment, founded on the grounds of energy conservation and empowerment of customers. On the other hand, the major inhibitor is the insufficient regulatory framework for roll-outs at the level of a Member State, which does not fully ensure interoperability, data protection and security standards or organisational effectiveness.
|Journal series||Energies, [ENERGIES], ISSN 1996-1073|
|Publication size in sheets||1.2|
|Keywords in English||smart meter; smart metering; technology innovation system; EU; electricity metering|
|Score||= 140.0, 14-09-2020, ArticleFromJournal|
|Publication indicators||= 0; = 2; : 2018 = 1.156; : 2018 = 2.707 (2) - 2018=2.99 (5)|
* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.