Innovative Hydrodynamic Disintegrator Adjusted to Agricultural Substrates Pre-treatment Aimed at Methane Production Intensification—CFD Modelling and Batch Tests

Monika Żubrowska-Sudoł , Aleksandra Dzido , Agnieszka Garlicka , Piotr Krawczyk , Michał Stępień , Katarzyna Umiejewska , Justyna Walczak , Marcin Wołowicz , Katarzyna Sytek-Szmeichel

Abstract

The study objective was to adjust the hydrodynamic disintegrator dedicated to sewage sludge pre-treatment (HDS) to work with agricultural substrate. This involved the development and implementation of a mathematical model of flow via the device’s domain. An innovative disintegrator (HAD—hydrodynamic disintegrator for agriculture) was designed, built, and tested based on the obtained results. The main improvements to the HDS include the implementation of shredding knives in order to overcome clogging by crushed substrate, and the application of ribs in the recirculation zone, contributing to the development of an additional structure damage zone. The challenge of this study was also to determine the operating parameters of the HDA that would provide for an increase in methane production with positive energy balance. The testing procedures, for which maize silage was selected, involved batch disintegration tests and biochemical methane potential tests. No clogging of rotor or spontaneous shutting off of the device, in other words, problems that had occurred in the HDS, were observed. The applied pre-treatment method permitted an increase in the methane potential of maize silage by 34.4%, 27.0%, and 21.6%, respectively for samples disintegrated at energy densities of 10 kJ/L, 20 kJ/L, and 35 kJ/L with net energy profit.
Author Monika Żubrowska-Sudoł (FEE / DWSWT)
Monika Żubrowska-Sudoł,,
- Department of Water Supply and Wastewater Treatment
, Aleksandra Dzido (FPAE / IHE)
Aleksandra Dzido,,
- The Institute of Heat Engineering
, Agnieszka Garlicka (FEE / DWSWT)
Agnieszka Garlicka,,
- Department of Water Supply and Wastewater Treatment
, Piotr Krawczyk (FPAE / IHE)
Piotr Krawczyk,,
- The Institute of Heat Engineering
, Michał Stępień (FPAE / IHE)
Michał Stępień,,
- The Institute of Heat Engineering
, Katarzyna Umiejewska (FEE / DWSWT)
Katarzyna Umiejewska,,
- Department of Water Supply and Wastewater Treatment
, Justyna Walczak (FEE / DWSWT)
Justyna Walczak,,
- Department of Water Supply and Wastewater Treatment
, Marcin Wołowicz (FPAE / IHE)
Marcin Wołowicz,,
- The Institute of Heat Engineering
, Katarzyna Sytek-Szmeichel (FEE / DWSWT)
Katarzyna Sytek-Szmeichel,,
- Department of Water Supply and Wastewater Treatment
Journal seriesEnergies, [ENERGIES], ISSN 1996-1073
Issue year2020
Vol13
No16
Pages1-18
Publication size in sheets0.85
Article number4256
Keywords in Englishagricultural substrates, hydrodynamic disintegration, computational fluid dynamic, mathematical modelling, immersed solid method, cavitation, specific methane production, energy balance
ASJC Classification1700 General Computer Science
DOIDOI:10.3390/en13164256
URL https://www.mdpi.com/1996-1073/13/16/4256
Languageen angielski
File
energies-13-04256-v2.pdf 3.04 MB
Score (nominal)140
Score sourcejournalList
ScoreMinisterial score = 140.0, 19-08-2020, ArticleFromJournal
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2018 = 1.156; WoS Impact Factor: 2018 = 2.707 (2) - 2018=2.99 (5)
Citation count*
Cite
Share Share

Get link to the record


* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.
Back
Confirmation
Are you sure?