Lightweight unmanned aerial vehicle for emergency medical service – Synthesis of the layout

Tomasz Goetzendorf-Grabowski , Andrzej Tarnowski , Marcin Figat , Jacek Mieloszyk , Bogdan Hernik


The article presents the innovative unmanned aerial vehicle project for emergency medical services. Designed unmanned aerial vehicle combines vertical takeoff and landing characteristics with fast forward flight capability that are vital to perform such an emergency medical mission. The main purpose of the designed unmanned aerial vehicle is to deliver the necessary medical package to the place where access is difficult, and estimated arrival time of conventional ambulance is too long. The cost of the support of such unmanned aerial vehicle could be significantly lower than in case of medical helicopter, which is not necessary in some cases. Designed unmanned aerial vehicle can also be used for fast delivery of essential medical substances (e.g. blood). The selection of configuration was the first and crucial step of the design. After analysis of many different copter configurations, together with selected crash reports analysis, the coaxial quadcopter configuration crossed with conventional airplane was selected. All power units for VTOL capability are electric, and they are doubled for redundancy purposes, with maximum T/W ratio about 2.0. Such configuration allows to sustain a stable flight (vertical phases) in case of one motor failure. Two versions of the vehicle are designed: fully electric (power units for the forward flight and vertical takeoff and landing are electric) and mixed where forward flight unit is a small piston engine. The final layout was the result of conceptual investigation and preliminary research, MDO and trade-off analysis, where as many aspects as possible were considered. The main problem was to meet the vertical takeoff and landing capabilities, relatively long range and endurance, expected payload (3 kg) and the requirement not to exceed 25 kg of maximum take-off weight. Paper presents the design process from initial requirement to the final configuration accepted to be manufactured.
Author Tomasz Goetzendorf-Grabowski (FPAE / IAAM)
Tomasz Goetzendorf-Grabowski,,
- The Institute of Aeronautics and Applied Mechanics
, Andrzej Tarnowski (FPAE)
Andrzej Tarnowski,,
- Faculty of Power and Aeronautical Engineering
, Marcin Figat (FPAE / IAAM)
Marcin Figat,,
- The Institute of Aeronautics and Applied Mechanics
, Jacek Mieloszyk (FPAE / IAAM)
Jacek Mieloszyk,,
- The Institute of Aeronautics and Applied Mechanics
, Bogdan Hernik (FPAE / IAAM)
Bogdan Hernik,,
- The Institute of Aeronautics and Applied Mechanics
Journal seriesProceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers Part G-Journal of Aerospace Engineering, [Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part G: Journal of Aerospace Engineering], ISSN 0954-4100, e-ISSN 2041-3025
Issue year2020
Publication size in sheets4772050104552.9
ASJC Classification2202 Aerospace Engineering; 2210 Mechanical Engineering
Languageen angielski
Score (nominal)70
Score sourcejournalList
ScoreMinisterial score = 70.0, 15-09-2020, ArticleFromJournal
Publication indicators Scopus Citations = 0; WoS Citations = 0; Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2016 = 0.622; WoS Impact Factor: 2018 = 1.104 (2) - 2018=1.17 (5)
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* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.
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