Solving "Smart City" Transport Problems by Designing Carpooling Gamification Schemes with Multi-Agent Systems: The Case of the So-Called "Mordor of Warsaw"

Robert Olszewski , Piotr Pałka , Agnieszka Turek


To reduce energy consumption and improve residents’ quality of life, “smart cities” should use not only modern technologies, but also the social innovations of the “Internet of Things” (IoT) era. This article attempts to solve transport problems in a smart city’s office district by utilizing gamification that incentivizes the carpooling system. The goal of the devised system is to significantly reduce the number of cars, and, consequently, to alleviate traffic jams, as well as to curb pollution and energy consumption. A representative sample of the statistical population of people working in one of the biggest office hubs in Poland (the so-called “Mordor of Warsaw”) was surveyed. The collected data were processed using spatial data mining methods, and the results were a set of parameters for the multi-agent system. This approach made it possible to run a series of simulations on a set of 100,000 agents and to select an effective gamification methodology that supports the carpooling process. The implementation of the proposed solutions (a “serious game” variation of urban games) would help to reduce the number of cars by several dozen percent, significantly reduce energy consumption, eliminate traffic jams, and increase the activity of the smart city residents.
Author Robert Olszewski ZK
Robert Olszewski,,
- Department of Cartography
, Piotr Pałka IAiIS
Piotr Pałka,,
- The Institute of Control and Computation Engineering
, Agnieszka Turek KGPNSP
Agnieszka Turek,,
- Chair of Spatial Management and Environmental Science
Journal seriesSensors, ISSN 1424-8220
Issue year2018
Publication size in sheets1.2
Keywords in English smart city; gamification; carpooling; multi-agent system; sustainable transport; sustainable city; spatial data mining; IoT; geoinformation
Internal identifier2/2018
Languageen angielski
2018_Olszewski_Pałka_Turek_Solving_Smart_City_2.pdf of 09-01-2018
9.87 MB
Score (nominal)30
ScoreMinisterial score = 30.0, 09-01-2018, ArticleFromJournal
Ministerial score (2013-2016) = 30.0, 09-01-2018, ArticleFromJournal
Publication indicators WoS Impact Factor: 2016 = 2.677 (2) - 2016=2.964 (5)
Citation count*0 (2018-06-18)
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* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.