Calculation of Raman parameters of real-size zigzag (n, 0) single-walled carbon nanotubes using finite-size models
Teobald Kupka , Michał Stachów , Leszek Stobiński , Jakub Kaminský
AbstractStructural and selected Raman features of pristine single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCTNs) with diameters from 0.4 to 1.2 nm and total lengths up to 2.15 nm were studied using the density functional theory (DFT) at the UB3LYP/6-31G* level. Models of different lengths (1, 4, 6 and 10 adjacent bamboo-units) of zigzag (n, 0) SWCNTs, for n ranging from 5 to 15, were studied. Highly systematic changes of individual CC bond lengths and angles along the nanotube axis were observed and described for the longest models. Predicted Raman active radial breathing mode (RBM) vibrational frequencies regularly decreased upon increasing the nanotube diameter and only a negligible effect of the tube length was observed. The changes in calculated RBM frequencies with increasing diameter were close to values estimated using empirical formulas. The experimental G-mode characteristics were reasonably well reproduced using the 4-unit model, especially for tubes with the diameter d > 1 nm. Raman features were also determined for cyclacenes representing the shortest models of SWCNTs. Calculated RBM frequencies of cyclacenes match closely the values for longer SWCNT models but are too inaccurate in the case of the G-mode. For the first time, the Raman properties of SWCNTs were also determined using the Cartesian coordinate tensor (CCT) transfer technique, thus providing reasonable frequencies of Raman active bands for long tubes consisting of 10 bamboo-units.
|Journal series||Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, ISSN 1463-9076|
|Publication size in sheets||0.55|
|Score|| = 40.0, 28-11-2017, ArticleFromJournal|
= 40.0, 28-11-2017, ArticleFromJournal
|Publication indicators||: 2016 = 4.123 (2) - 2016=4.242 (5)|
* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.