Enhanced strength and electrical conductivity of ultrafine-grained Al-Mg-Si alloy processed by hydrostatic extrusion
Kamil Majchrowicz , Zbigniew Pakieła , Witold Chromiński , Mariusz Kulczyk
AbstractThe effect of hydrostatic extrusion combined with an artificial aging on microstructure, mechanical and electrical properties of 6101 Al-Mg-Si alloy was investigated. It has been shown that such thermo-mechanical treatment is an effective method for producing of long wires with an ultrafine-grained microstructure (grain size of 300–400 nm) and enhanced ultimate tensile strength (> 330 MPa) and electrical conductivity (up to 58% IACS). The mechanical behavior of 6101 Al-Mg-Si alloy depended strongly on applied strains by hydrostatic extrusion and crystallographic texture. Higher accumulative strain accelerated the precipitation kinetics but decreased the age hardening response. The double fiber ⟨100⟩ and ⟨111⟩ texture was observed for hydrostatically extruded samples. The ⟨001⟩ grains with homogenously distributed needle-like β″ precipitates provided precipitation strengthening of material while ⟨111⟩ grains resulted in more efficient grain boundary strengthening. Quantitative microstructure characterization allowed adjusting physical model to estimate the electrical conductivity and compare it with experimental data. The high conductivity was provided mainly by decomposition of solid solution due to precipitation of needle-like β″ precipitates in the grain interior and spherical β′ or β particles located at grain boundaries.
|Journal series||Materials Characterization, ISSN 1044-5803|
|Publication size in sheets||0.5|
|Keywords in Polish||Materiały ultradrobnoziarniste; Stopy Al-Mg-Si; Wyciskanie hydrostatyczne; Przewodność elektryczna|
|Keywords in English||Ultrafine-grained materials; Al-Mg-Si alloys; Hydrostatic extrusion; Electrical conductivity|
|Score|| = 40.0, 05-01-2018, ArticleFromJournal|
= 45.0, 05-01-2018, ArticleFromJournal
|Publication indicators||: 2016 = 2.714 (2) - 2016=2.761 (5)|
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