Smart Energy Solutions as an Indispensable Multi-Criteria Input for a Coherent Urban Planningand Building Design Process — Two Case Studies for Smart Office Buildings in Warsaw Downtown Area

Elżbieta Ryńska , Joanna Klimowicz , Sławomir Kowal , Krzysztof Łyżwa , Michał Pierzchalski , Wojciech Rekosz

Abstract

The introduction of parametric tools has made a strong shift within a traditional approachto urban planning and building design, including the creation of a design awareness zone whereenvironmental issues are concerned. This approach also uses sufficient data to be used already atthe concept stage and provides initial interdisciplinary solutions. Analyses from the very initialstages allow the inclusion of smart energy choices influencing the massing, architectural features,proportions, flexibility of design, and economics. This is only a threshold; there is still a place forfurther development and more accurate analyses leading to the construction of buildings and urbanareas with a stronger input of sustainable solutions, as existing approaches have certain limitations.This path has been followed in several research grants conducted at the Faculty of ArchitectureWarsaw University of Technology, and later on developed as a co-operation area with variousstakeholders. Outside the general state of art, this paper will include two case studies which wereprovided as a concept design for prospective investors. Both locations are in the Warsaw DowntownArea, and analyses include algorithmic models dealing with the optimisation of the buildings’ forms,urban scale sun radiation levels, shadow and wind analyses indicating use of sunlight energy andwind as alternative energy sources. One of the case studies contains Pareto Front including bothsingle- and multi-criteria optimization methods for analysing energy and economic efficiency issues,pointing out the best case solutions.
Author Elżbieta Ryńska (FA / CUDPP)
Elżbieta Ryńska,,
- Chair of Urban Design and Physical Planning
, Joanna Klimowicz (FA / CUDPP)
Joanna Klimowicz,,
- Chair of Urban Design and Physical Planning
, Sławomir Kowal (FA / CAD)
Sławomir Kowal,,
- Chair of Architectural Design
, Krzysztof Łyżwa
Krzysztof Łyżwa,,
-
, Michał Pierzchalski (FA / CUDPP)
Michał Pierzchalski,,
- Chair of Urban Design and Physical Planning
, Wojciech Rekosz
Wojciech Rekosz,,
-
Journal seriesEnergies, [ENERGIES], ISSN 1996-1073
Issue year2020
No13 (15), 3757
Pages1-24
Publication size in sheets1.15
Keywords in Englishsmart energy solutions, sustainable urban planning, approaches to architectonic design, multidisciplinary and multi-criteria design
ASJC Classification1700 General Computer Science
DOIDOI:10.3390/en13153757
URL https://www.mdpi.com/1996-1073/13/15/3757
Languageen angielski
Score (nominal)140
Score sourcejournalList
ScoreMinisterial score = 140.0, 13-09-2020, ArticleFromJournal
Publication indicators WoS Citations = 0; Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2018 = 1.156; WoS Impact Factor: 2018 = 2.707 (2) - 2018=2.99 (5)
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