Method and Apparatus for Determining Operational Parameters of Thermoelectric Modules
Rafał Zybała , Maksymilian Schmidt , Kamil Kaszyca , Łukasz Ciupiński , Mirosław Jakub Kruszewski , Katarzyna Pietrzak
AbstractThe main aim of this work was to construct and test an apparatus for characterization of high temperature thermoelectric modules to be used in thermoelectric generator (TEGs) applications. The idea of this apparatus is based on very precise measurements of heat fluxes passing through the thermoelectric (TE) module, at both its hot and cold sides. The electrical properties of the module, under different temperature and load conditions, were used to estimate efficiency of energy conversion based on electrical and thermal energy conservation analysis. The temperature of the cold side, T-c, was stabilized by a precise circulating thermostat (<= 0.1 degrees C) in a temperature range from 5 degrees C to 90 degrees C. The amount of heat absorbed by a coolant flowing through the heat sink was measured by the calibrated and certified heat flow meter with an accuracy better than 1%. The temperature of the hot side, T-h, was forced to assumed temperature (T-max = 450 degrees C) by an electric heater with known power (P-h = 0-600 W) with ample thermal insulation. The electrical power was used in calculations. The TE module, heaters and cooling plate were placed in an adiabatic vacuum chamber. The load characteristics of the module were evaluated using an electronically controlled current source as a load. The apparatus may be used to determine the essential parameters of TE modules (open circuit voltage, U-oc, short circuit current, I-sc, internal electrical resistance, R-int, thermal resistance, R-th, power density, and efficiency, eta, as a function of T-c and T-h). Several commercially available TE modules based on Bi2Te3 and Sb2Te3 alloys were tested. The measurements confirmed that the constructed apparatus was highly accurate, stable and yielded reproducible results; therefore, it is a reliable tool for the development of thermoelectric generators.
|Journal series||Journal of Electronic Materials, ISSN 0361-5235|
|Publication size in sheets||0.5|
|Keywords in Polish||Efektywność konwersji energii, wytwarzanie energii, moduły termoelektryczne, bilans energetyczny, odzyskiwanie ciepła, energetyka odnawialna|
|Keywords in English||Energy conversion efficiency, power generation, thermoelectric modules, performance characterization, heat recovery, renewable energy|
|Score|| = 25.0, 28-11-2017, ArticleFromJournal|
= 30.0, 28-11-2017, ArticleFromJournal
|Publication indicators||: 2016 = 1.579 (2) - 2016=1.575 (5)|
|Citation count*||3 (2018-06-19)|
* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.