Modeling and analysis of the influence of the protective garment movement on the skin temperature and burn degree
Piotr Łapka , Piotr Furmański
AbstractA numerical thermal model of the multi-layer protective clothing which accounts for the clothing movement is presented. The model includes heat conduction and thermal radiation in non-grey fabrics and air gaps, diffusive transfer of water vapour through fabrics and air gaps, sorption and desorption of water in fabric fibers, non-equilibrium bio-heat transfer in the skin and perspiration on the skin surface. Moreover, the model contains infiltration of fresh air into the widest air gap between the clothing and skin due to the clothing movement. In the simulations the clothing was for a short time exposed to the radiative heat flux emitted from the external source and cooled down in the surroundings with its movement accounted for. The results obtained are used to assess the influence of frequency and amplitude of variation of the thickness of the widest air gap on the skin temperature and burn degree, heat fluxes and vapour mass flow rate on the skin surface as well as relative humidity close to the skin. Numerical simulations reveal that an increase in the movement frequency and amplitude results in a decrease of average values of the majority of monitored quantities on the skin surface or close to it. The most visible decreases are observed for the average skin surface temperature and values of the Henriques-Moritz integral.
|Journal series||Fire Safety Journal, ISSN 0379-7112, e-ISSN 1873-7226|
|Keywords in English||Clothing movement, Heat and moisture transfer, Non-grey medium, Numerical modeling, Protective garment, Thermal radiation|
|Score||= 140.0, 09-06-2020, ArticleFromJournal|
|Publication indicators||= 0; = 0; : 2018 = 1.641; : 2018 = 1.659 (2) - 2018=1.946 (5)|
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