Application of the Double Diode Model of Photovoltaic Cells for Simulation Studies on the Impact of Partial Shading of Silicon Photovoltaic Modules on the Waveforms of Their Current–Voltage Characteristic

Mariusz Sarniak , Jacek Wernik , Krzysztof J. Wołosz

Abstract

Photovoltaics (PV) is the phenomenon of converting sun energy into electric energy by using photovoltaic cells. Furthermore, solar energy is the major renewable energy source. PV modules are systematically more efficient and manufacturing costs decrease at the same time. The PV module performance is affected by ambient temperature, humidity, wind speed, rainfall, incident solar radiation intensity and spectrum, dust deposition, pollution, and shading, which are environmental factors. The problem of partial shading of the generator often arises when designing photovoltaic installations. If it is not possible to avoid this phenomenon, its impact on the operation of the photovoltaic system should be estimated. The classical method is to measure the current–voltage characteristics, but it requires switching off the installation for the duration of the measurements. Therefore, this paper proposes a method using a computer simulation in the Matlab package with the implemented component “Solar Cell” for this purpose. Three cases of partial shading of photovoltaic modules with different degrees of shading were analyzed. The obtained results of the computer simulation were verified for two types of silicon PV modules: Mono- and polycrystalline.
Author Mariusz Sarniak (FCEMP / IMEn)
Mariusz Sarniak,,
- Institute of Mechanical Engineering
, Jacek Wernik (FCEMP / IMEn)
Jacek Wernik,,
- Institute of Mechanical Engineering
, Krzysztof J. Wołosz (FCEMP / IMEn)
Krzysztof J. Wołosz,,
- Institute of Mechanical Engineering
Journal seriesEnergies, ISSN 1996-1073, (A 25 pkt)
Issue year2019
Vol12
No12
ASJC Classification1700 General Computer Science
DOIDOI:10.3390/en12122421
URL https://www.mdpi.com/1996-1073/12/12/2421
Score (nominal)25
ScoreMinisterial score = 25.0, 23-07-2019, ArticleFromJournal
Publication indicators Scopus Citations = 0; WoS Citations = 0; Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2017 = 1.34; WoS Impact Factor: 2017 = 2.676 (2) - 2017=3.045 (5)
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