Artificial neural network model of molten carbonate fuel cells: Validation on experimental data

Jarosław Milewski , Arkadiusz Szczęśniak , Łukasz Szabłowski , Olaf Dybiński , Andrzej Miller

Abstract

This article shows the teaching processes of artificial neural networks that are used to model the molten carbonate fuel cell (MCFC). Researchers model MCFCs to address a variety of issues across a range of complexities, from simply gauging the effect of temperature through to a complete model with 14 input parameters. The architecture of the model is a triple layer network with one hidden layer containing three neurons. The activation function used for the hidden layer was a hyperbolic tangent, with the last layer being based on lin- ear function. We produced various network configurations, mostly networks containing one hidden layer. Models map the work of a real fuel cell with an average error in the range of 2.4% to 4.6%. The model we created guided the optimization of the thermal-flow and construction parameters of the MCFC. Commercially available software was used to build the model and optimize the operating parameters. The selected objective functions were the efficiency of electricity production and the power density obtained from the cell's surface. The results obtained serve as pointers for possible changes in fuel cell operation and could lead to some structural changes being made.
Author Jarosław Milewski (FPAE / IHE)
Jarosław Milewski,,
- The Institute of Heat Engineering
, Arkadiusz Szczęśniak (FPAE / IHE)
Arkadiusz Szczęśniak,,
- The Institute of Heat Engineering
, Łukasz Szabłowski (FPAE / IHE)
Łukasz Szabłowski,,
- The Institute of Heat Engineering
, Olaf Dybiński (FPAE / IHE)
Olaf Dybiński,,
- The Institute of Heat Engineering
, Andrzej Miller (FPAE / IHE)
Andrzej Miller,,
- The Institute of Heat Engineering
Journal seriesInternational Journal of Energy Research, ISSN 0363-907X, (N/A 100 pkt)
Issue year2019
Pages1-22
Publication size in sheets1.05
Keywords in Englishartificial neural networks, fuel cells, molten carbonate fuel cells, mathematical modeling
ASJC Classification2102 Energy Engineering and Power Technology; 2103 Fuel Technology; 2104 Nuclear Energy and Engineering; 2105 Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
DOIDOI:10.1002/er.4608
project[2012/07/B/ST8/03733 POLON] Research and modeling of molten carbonate fuel cell based on artificial neural network and the develompemnt of its main characteristics important when working in the energy system. Project leader: Miller Andrzej, start date 09-07-2013, Completed
WMEiL Projects financed by NSC [Projekty finansowane przez NCN]
Languageen angielski
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Milewski_et_al-2019-International_Journal_of_Energy_Research.pdf 6.3 MB
Score (nominal)100
ScoreMinisterial score = 100.0, 23-09-2019, ArticleFromJournal
Publication indicators WoS Citations = 0; Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2017 = 0.941; WoS Impact Factor: 2017 = 3.009 (2) - 2017=2.671 (5)
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